September 1, 2015 - SALT - How did we get here
September 1, 2015

How did we get here

Siyahlı Kadınlar, Women in Black, 1989. Archive: Murat Çelikkan.

How did we get here
September 3–November 29, 2015

SALT Beyoğlu
İstiklal Caddesi 136
Beyoğlu 34430 İstanbul
 
SALT Galata
Bankalar Caddesi 11
Karaköy 34420 İstanbul
 
www.saltonline.org

How did we get here, the first of SALT’s projects on the 1980s, delves into the recent past of Turkey starting from 1980, a period that introduced free market economy under military rule. The exhibition gives an account of the decade, with an emphasis on Istanbul, through archival materials including magazines, advertisements, photographs, video recordings and films. Works in the exhibition by Halil Altındere, Serdar Ateşer, Aslı Çavuşoğlu, Barış Doğrusöz, Ayşe Erkmen, Esra Ersen and Hale Tenger deal with the political and cultural climate of the 1980s, offering a broader understanding of the social dynamics of this period.

On January 24, 1980, the government initiated a major program that marked Turkey’s transition to a free market system. The decision saw the country’s longstanding import substitution economic policies replaced with an export-led growth economy. Soon after, the September 12, 1980 coup d’état suppressed all dissent and political opposition. The 1982 Constitution, which was ratified by a referendum under grave pressure from the military regime, remains in place today with few amendments.
 
Neoliberal policies after the 1982 Constitution became the principles of the first civilian government ANAP that came to power after the coup d’état. During its time in power from 1983 to 1991, ANAP supported a consumption oriented society, while the military regime kept blocking all oppositional movements and political organizations. Throughout the 1980s, the government, in collusion with the military, promised prosperity and liberation while adhering to an authoritarian regime in social and political life.
 
Different forms of civil opposition and representation began to emerge in the first half of the 1980s. As the decade came to a close, civil society took an active role in democratization and began to challenge the status quo. People who lacked political representation, such as feminists, environmentalists, anti-militarists, gay rights activists, human rights defenders and many others, came together to form alternative groups. This solidarity, centered around democratic rights and demands for freedom, paved the way for new social organizations to emerge.
 
How did we get here intends to map this struggle and help trace the origins of the current context of Turkey at this turning point, both in relation to the recent past and through the social movements and elements of popular culture that took hold after the 1980 coup d’état.
 
This exhibition is part of the five-year program The Uses of Art —The Legacy of 1848 and 1989, organized by L’Internationale.



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