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            Digestion
            In the past decade, as new aesthetics of “artisanal” food production circulated in architectural and popular media, architects responded with a...
            Digestion
            Rachel Armstrong and Rolf Hughes
            How It All Began Scene: Sales office at I, HOLOBIONT . Telesales worker speaking. “Yes, Madam. Embryologically-speaking, your living...
            Horizons
            Stephanie Wakefield and Glenn Dyer
            For the last two years, a battle has gripped the southern rim of Atlanta. The combined forces of the City of Atlanta and Dekalb County...
            Horizons
            Gökçe Günel
            A 2016 report in Nature Climate Change states that climate change will make much of the Arabian Peninsula too hot for humans, pushing past...
            Horizons
            “Before” and “after”: no expressions can be more commonplace, yet none, when you come to think about it, can be more perplexing. Imagine you are...
            Horizons
            Derk Loorbach, Véronique Patteeuw, Léa-Catherine Szacka, Peter Veenstra, and e-flux Architecture
            Horizons is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam initiated by Saskia van Stein...
            On Models
            Who can pick up the weight of Britain, Who can move the German load Or say to French, here is France again? Imago. Imago. Imago....
            On Models
            Thea Brejzek and Lawrence Wallen
            As both object and idea, the model plays a primary role in the design processes of architecture and theater design, where it is central to...
            On Models
            Covid-19 radically altered the day-to-day reality of architectural practice and made architects rethink the conditions through which cities are...
            On Models
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, and November Paynter
            On Models is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and The Museum of Contemporary Art Toronto within the context of its exhibition...
            Digestion
            Mae-ling Lokko
            Hot, moist air has long been a powerful, yet largely invisible, working fluid in the colonial and modern enterprise. Processes of air conditioning...
            Digestion
            Lindsey Wikstrom
            Nothing comes from nothing. —Parmenides (475 BCE) Early this year, a gold coin collection was unearthed in Hungary depicting the face...
            Digestion
            Any house is a far too complicated, clumsy, fussy, mechanical counterfeit of the human body… The whole interior is a kind of stomach that...
            Digestion
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, Lydia Kallipoliti, and Areti Markopoulou
            Digestion is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and the 2022 Tallinn Architecture Biennale, curated by Lydia Kallipoliti and Areti...
            Where is Here?
            Leonoor Zuiderveen Borgesius
            Located roughly thirty kilometers east from Amsterdam, the Oostvaardersplassen nature reserve stretches out over about 5,600 hectares, about 3,000...
            Where is Here?
            Miguel Heilbron
            In the 1970s, my parents were not allowed to live in the Van der Pekstraat in Amsterdam-North. Not around the corner in the Meeuwenlaan either....
            Where is Here?
            With its iconic archipelago of polders, clear-cut boundaries between rural and urban, straightened or purposely bent waterways, and highly...
            Where is Here?
            Introduction: Earth and the City About three years ago, I started a presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of...
            Where is Here?
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, and Francien van Westrenen
            Where is Here? is a collaboration between Het Nieuwe Instituut and e-flux Architecture following Who is We? , the Dutch pavilion at the 2021...
            Sick Architecture
            “Spirit of molestation, spirit of abuse, get out right now!” Locke commanded. “Every spirit of homosexuality, lesbianism, come out, come,”...
            Sick Architecture
            For all the scientific discovery and technological progress heralded by late modernity, its lasting legacy is also one of disenchantment and...
            Sick Architecture
            Resolution WHA67.8 was published as part of the World Health Organization’s 67th World Health Assembly in 2014, which offered a point of action...
            Sick Architecture
            Gideon Boie
            Liberated from the exaggerated dreams of a healing environment, architectures of care can repair the old logic of separation for persons with...
            Sick Architecture
            Holly Bushman
            We do not see the woman as inferior, but rather as having a different mission, a different value, than that of the man. Therefore we believed...
            Sick Architecture
            In May 1919, the literary magazine Xin qingnian / La Jeunesse published a short story by Chinese writer Lu Xun called “Medicine,” in which Old...
            Sick Architecture
            Meredith TenHoor
            What would it mean to design buildings that exceed the economic accountings of liberal biopolitics, that instead offer an entirely different...
            Sick Architecture
            Dante Furioso
            In 1913, a year before the Panama Canal was completed, the journalist Frederic J. Haskin wrote that “the conquest of the Isthmian barrier was...
            Sick Architecture
            On October 1, 1998, subcontractors with the US Department of Energy set up a “situation room” in downtown Richland, Washington, to monitor a...
            Sick Architecture
            Nicholas Shapiro
            I am convinced that the trailer or an improved version of it is, for better or for worse, the low cost dwelling of the future—lacking in...
            Sick Architecture
            Take Nebraska Interstate 87 as far as you can North till it becomes South Dakota Interstate 407. Where these two highways meet, you’ll see a tipi...
            Sick Architecture
            The Covid-19 pandemic has revealed that international borders pervade far beyond their physical sites in order to alienate from within. In the...
            Sick Architecture
            Every city, Vitruvius assumes in his first-century bce treatise On Architecture , needs walls. 1 Deciding where to put them is the first thing...
            Sick Architecture
            Alexandra Sastrawati
            Questioning the Potemkin Metropolis The interplay of rhythms—the rhythm of urban capitalism and the body’s rhythmic propensities—sometimes...
            Sick Architecture
            Iason Stathatos
            Of the many notorious origin myths of architecture, the story that directly relates to the insatiable, primordial human desire to eat remains one...
            Sick Architecture
            As far as Harriet Ann Brent Jacobs knew, life for an enslaved person was ghastly, and like many enslaved people she had learned to navigate the...
            Sick Architecture
            Clemens Finkelstein
            Arrested in motion, Earth appears precariously imbalanced. Crowned with a turreted city model, the personification’s muscular body twists...
            Sick Architecture
            Marie de Testa
            A Highly Controlled Visibility Up until 1968 , L’Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière in Paris treated women exclusively. During the time that...
            Sick Architecture
            David Gissen
            Discussions of architectural form demonstrate how disability is negatively imprinted into the field of architecture. In architectural theory and...
            Sick Architecture
            Angela H. Brown
            Le doy fuego a la Fortaleza como se supone Y al otro día voy a la iglesia pa’ que me perdonen Mejor no quieras probar de qué estamos...
            Sick Architecture
            Xhulio Binjaku
            Plague Clouds On August 27th, 1883, the volcano of Krakatoa in the Indonesian islands erupted. Ashes and rocks flew miles high. Barometers...
            Sick Architecture
            Fabiola López-Durán
            At the inauguration of the First Brazilian Congress of Eugenics in July of 1929, the physician and anthropologist Edgar Roquette-Pinto addressed...
            Positions
            People have stopped visiting Los Angeles. They know if they wait long enough Los Angeles will come to them. So, watch for Los Angeles,...
            Positions
            Anooradha Iyer Siddiqi and Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali Zamindar
            Partitions of territory are often ascribed to historically specific moments of accountability. While colonial partitions set the terms for...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Civil Architecture
            The horizon is present in every exhibition. Most times it is simply an afterthought, a subliminal line that follows the viewer through the...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Space Popular
            For visitors, the audio guide is a crucial point of access to the ideas and imaginations behind an exhibition. It is a friendly voice, arriving...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Maria McLintock
            ­ The neoliberalization of public services and austerity-led stripping of government finance towards the operation of museums across North...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Lev Bratishenko and Melanija Grozdanoska
            Exhibitions are environments of rigid climatic control. The ideal interior weather for artworks and artefacts require temperature and humidity to...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Mika Savela
            Captioning is anything but a routine curatorial task. There are styles and tendencies, even existing criteria for excellence, with annual awards...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Anna Livia Friel and Marco Provinciali
            The brief, a specific genre of architectural writing, constitutes one of the necessary starting points for any architectural project, defining its...
            Workplace
            Nahyun Hwang and David Eugin Moon
            Settlement Many explicate that labor is constructed through settlement, and perhaps the most readily visible and visiblized histories of...
            Accumulation
            The ground is all memoranda and signatures and many objects covered over with hints. —Ralph Waldo Emerson Ghost: Mark me! —William...
            Workplace
            Kelly Pendergrast
            Interior, pizza arcade. Sioux Falls, 1995 or thereabouts. Family groups and clusters of post-soccer-practice tweens sit around...
            Workplace
            Arvand Pourabbasi and Golnar Abbasi
            In the context of contemporary forms of labor, “production” is often discussed and glamorized. But what is overlooked is the exhaustion that...
            Workplace
            Samiha Meem
            “Oh, that’s definitely a post.” I didn’t agree, but I posted it anyways. Not because it was done (it wasn’t), but because I was finished. *...
            Workplace
            Scene 1: Fantasy Cities I have no idea where I am. The landscape for some time now has looked like a non-place; as unremarkable and...
            Workplace
            Helen Hester and Nick Srnicek
            Women, War, and Work While housing has long been intimately connected with capitalism via speculative finance, mortgage debt, and property...
            Workplace
            Alberte Lauridsen and Marianna Janowicz
            During the strictest Covid-19 lockdowns in the UK, the continued labor of waste collection workers and supermarket delivery drivers allowed other...
            Workplace
            Andreas Petrossiants
            And if the wreckage of this inheritance will not be complete; if notwithstanding the crimes committed during this “civilized” war, we may still...
            Workplace
            Dank Lloyd Wright
            From myriad sources, including the lived experience of our own lives, we know how deeply problematic practices of labor sourcing, organizing, and...
            Workplace
            Denisse Vega de Santiago
            Oppressed peoples are always asked to stretch a little more, to bridge the gap between blindness and humanity. —Audre Lorde 1 On May 28,...
            Workplace
            Delivery Lines: Amazon’s Supply Chain In 2019 Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos made a critical articulation about contemporary capitalism, akin to...
            Workplace
            Nick Axel, Albert Ferré, Nikolaus Hirsch, and Megan Marin
            Workplace is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and the Canadian Centre for Architecture within the context of its year-long...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Esther Choi
            The will to influence is at the core of any exhibition. —Bruce W. Ferguson 1 The making of culture relies on interpretation for its own...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Jia Yi Gu
            Having served as director of two Los Angeles-based non-profit organizations dedicated to architectural exhibitions, I am often implicated in the...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Mpho Matsipa, Lynhan Balatbat-Helbock, and Molemo Moiloa
            Western cultural institutions like the museum often presuppose an orderly spacing of time. The queue, in this sense, is anticipatory, but almost...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Gilly Karjevsky and Rosario Talevi
            Architects are often taught that everything is architecture. That they are educated in a discipline with no boundaries, which reaches all aspects...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Vasif Kortun
            A decade and some years ago, I was preoccupied with the question of laying out the fundamentals for a new institution, an institution for the...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Federico Martelli
            I once designed the exhibition for the collection of an important museum. The brief was simple: we were asked to work with the relationships...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Prem Krishnamurthy
            This contribution is intended to be listened to. The exhibition is open only at specific hours, from dusk to midnight. During these...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Shirley Surya
            It is timely to write a self-reflexive account of building the permanent architecture collection at M+, a museum for visual culture encompassing...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Maria Lind
            You are most likely sitting down while reading this. If not, please look for a place near you where you can take a seat and spend a moment. This...
            Solicited: Proposals
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, and James Taylor-Foster
            Dear reader, What happens in an architecture exhibition? What, and who is it for? What does it do, and how does it do it? Solicited: Proposals...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            Achille Mbembe
            Humanity has been a constant, sometimes blind force in the history of the living world. To achieve its project of universal domination once and...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            The plain of Tavoliere, which makes up the largest portion of the district of Foggia, in the upper part of Italy’s southeastern Apulian region,...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            Megan Eardley
            In the mid-twentieth century, apartheid South Africa was home to some of the largest, deepest, and most profitable mines in the world. Operating...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            Since the 1950s, various petroleum and gas wells have been dug on African Saharan soils. Thousands of kilometers of pipelines have been built on...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            Garissa Lodge Garissa Lodge is widely known as the first “Somali mall.” A multi-story building hosting mixed-use shopping and residential...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            Sarah Nuttall
            In her 2019 novel The Old Drift , Namwali Serpell writes about the Kariba Dam, southern Africa’s largest hydroelectric power source, and the...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            I The Italian colonization of Libya began in 1911 and escalated under fascist rule, leading to the brutal repression of armed resistance led by...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            It is July 1990. Janet Love, an uMkhonto we Sizwe (“Spear of the Nation,” abbreviated MK) commander sits by herself in an office in Johannesburg...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            In the mid-1880s, Kimberley’s diamond mines began constructing massive complexes to house their laborers. 1 The closed compounds—so named because...
            Coloniality of Infrastructure
            Kenny Cupers
            Coloniality of Infrastructure is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture, Critical Urbanisms at the University of Basel, and the African...
            Treatment
            De Hogeweyk, in Weesp, the Netherlands, might seem eerily familiar, even if you’ve never been there. 1 That is entirely by design. Opened in...
            Treatment
            Magaly Tornay
            The strange story of the dreaming nurses of Münsterlingen came to me by a chance find in the archives. While researching the extensive experiments...
            Treatment
            Brittany Utting
            In 1925, on an undeveloped tract of forested land at the outskirts of the young city of Houston, entrepreneur and oil magnate George H. Hermann...
            Treatment
            Fiona L. Kenney
            In the April 1881 issue of The Modern Review , a British periodical published from 1880 to 1884, a sardonic Frances Power Cobbe wrote: “It is the...
            Treatment
            When scholars first charted the nineteenth-century “invention” of the modern hospital around a half century ago, they posited a crucial change: a...
            Treatment
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, and Adam Jasper
            Treatment is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and the Institute for the History and Theory of Architecture (gta), ETH Zürich,...
            Survivance
            Applications Invited: Transdisciplinary Scholar to Assist in Re-Designing Higher Education. Project Tasks: Whose knowledge? What is...
            Survivance
            Sarover Zaidi
            The movement that began from our fields Has travelled well beyond our fields, Your nefarious game stands exposed, This people's movement...
            Survivance
            Alice McSherry, Paul Moss, and Amba J. Sepie
            And the dandelion does not stop growing, because it is told it is a weed. The dandelion does not care what others see. It says, “One day,...
            Survivance
            My little Tasmanian farm sits at 43° south. At this latitude, we are closer to Antarctica than we are to the top of Australia. The southerlies...
            Survivance
            Nityanand Jayaraman
            As I began writing this essay, an opinion piece titled “A Giant Poor Sighted Bird Stands in the Way of India’s Green Goals” from Bloomberg Green...
            Survivance
            Illuminating the overlooked history of so-called twentieth-century architecture in Hawai‘i, this special preview of A Justice-Advancing...
            Survivance
            Gloria Pavita
            Lubumbashi, a market Seforah is sent by her mother to Marche Kenya 1 to purchase sombe 2 and ngai ngai 3 seeds along with bitoyo 4...
            Survivance
            The word nostalgia derives from a sickness of home, from the trauma and longing one feels after being artificially and involuntarily ripped from...
            Survivance
            Those of us subject to and subjected to the most brutal of human degradations have had to cultivate modes of being, other kinds of living, so...
            Survivance
            Carl Austin Hyatt
            In the mid-1980s, I was looking for a place to live and photograph. 1 A place to lean into, to know in an intimate way. For years, I had been...
            Survivance
            Vishwas Satgar
            Unleashing Ecocide The paradox of Western supremacy is that it begins with its own. Its practices of dispossession, barbarism, violence, and...
            Survivance
            I’ve been still too long and my memory of home sustains me. But my memory of home is fuzzy and I need you to remember with me. I’ve been...
            Survivance
            Joar Nango and Axel Wieder
            Axel Wieder You have recently participated in a series of online discussions on indigenous or more specifically Sámi art and architectural...
            Positions
            Benjamin H. Bratton
            The COVID-19 pandemic has included mass social mobilization toward a mutually-accountable separation from one another. Its bioethics sees each of...
            Survivance
            This feels like an in-between moment—something tricky to be present to, as if we are caught between a contested and violent past and a not-yet...
            Survivance
            Maria Chávez
            The artist Julia Norton recently described a unique form of epilepsy that she has been managing, one that took her years to get diagnosed due to...
            Survivance
            Bailey Peryman and Kelly Dombroski
            Cultivate Christchurch, the Aotearoa New Zealand based urban farm and youth wellbeing project, has inspired people all over the world with its...
            Cascades
            Jimenez Lai
            Life Support What time is it? 6am? 10pm? I am once again waking up to the reflection of my face against the perpetual darkness outside,...
            Survivance
            Mae-ling Lokko
            Within the last decade, fueled by global marketing campaigns and health trends, the coconut and its primary derivatives—oil, butter, milk, sugar,...
            Survivance
            Caroline A. Jones
            Hearing the buzz We humans evolved to survive in a world with specific types of matter and energy; our particular hominid ancestors thrived...
            Survivance
            Jenna Sutela and Markus J. Buehler
            The video Wet-on-Wet (2021) by Jenna Sutela and Markus J. Buehler will be available to watch here on e-flux Architecture for the duration of...
            Cascades
            Rahel Aima
            On June 26, 2029, the Director launched the new moon. It was named Ruda, after the ancient pre-Islamic lunar deity. It made the bioluminescent...
            Survivance
            They said with wonder and admiration, you are still alive, like hydrogen, like oxygen. —Dionne Brand 1 In Christina Sharpe’s book...
            Survivance
            1. Pinch Points I write from the watery, mountainous Pacific Northwest of North America. This is the bioregion that pulses between the tar...
            Survivance
            Black Quantum Futurism
            The Macon Housing Authority says they may have found a time capsule buried in the ground. The CEO of the authority, June Parker, says they...
            Cascades
            Ingo Niermann
            The first people I fell in love with were terrorists. The German fear of the communist Red Army Fraction (RAF) peaked in 1977, when I turned eight...
            Survivance
            Willem Larsen
            Dominions of Mythologies All of us caught in the hurricane of the modern world are refugees from our bodies and our senses. It’s the natural...
            Survivance
            Gender-based violence in South Africa is often referred to as a silent pandemic, yet one that is widely known. In the first five days of the...
            Survivance
            Kathryn Yusoff
            Dig. Geology and its kin network of extraction, natural resources, architectures of geomorphic transformation (dams, river straightening,...
            Cascades
            Richard Cottrell
            The North American Rift was discovered shortly after the end of the Great War, when it bisected a tractor on the morning run. Initial, informal...
            Survivance
            Survive. Exist. Strategize. Close. Endure. Hide. Reveal. Persist. Hope. Thrive. Plan. Create. Mobilize. Open. Propel. Writing and speaking about...
            Survivance
            Tyson Yunkaporta
            Midway through my life, I wake to find myself in a techno-dystopia, with no sense of where my proper pathway has gone. I have a muse, but no...
            Survivance
            Blackgirls young and old are memory keepers, cultural workers, love pillars, freedom mappers, and actors. 1 Radical love is a regular praxis...
            Cascades
            Xenia Chiaramonte
            I have to write a story I am not entitled to tell. A parallel botanical story of myself. A story that I was made to tell. Once upon a time,...
            Survivance
            Sigidm hanaa’na̱x, Smgyigyit, Łagyigyet, ada txa’nii gyeda galts’ap. Sm Łoodm ‘Nüüsm di waayu. Mootgm Goot di nooyu. La̱xsgyiik di...
            Survivance
            Michelle Westerlaken
            As mostly solitary animals, octopuses tend to avoid humans. They spend their time in the depths of the sea in places we cannot easily visit. They...
            Survivance
            Ainslee Alem Robson
            Having spent most of my life between cultural dissonance and cultural isolation, double consciousness has always been a part of my daily reality....
            Cascades
            Feifei Zhou
            I’ve been walking along this mountain belt for hours. I think I’m getting close—at least, according to the footage my drone captured yesterday....
            Survivance
            The South African Nobel Laureate Nadine Gordimer once wrote that “[to write a short story] is to express from a situation in the exterior or...
            Survivance
            Kaya Barry and Samid Suliman
            Welcome to the shores of Moreton Bay, just to the east of the sunny, sub-tropical city of Brisbane (or Meanjin , in the language of the Turrbal...
            Survivance
            In the small north island township of Tāneatua stands Aotearoa New Zealand’s first living building. This building, known as Te Kura Whare , is...
            Survivance
            Hock e Aye Vi Edgar Heap of Birds
            My 7’ x 30’ forty-eight-piece mono print installations exist in two combined forms: a set of twenty-four primary prints accompanied by a set of...
            Survivance
            While generational resilience and resistance in the United States has been in my blood for four generations, like most immigrant families, my...
            Survivance
            There is flame, there is light. The flame scorches my pages, light illuminates and brightens them. When I write with the flame, it is because...
            Survivance
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, and Troy Conrad Therrien
            Survivance is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, with guest editors Natchee Blu Barnd, Black...
            Cascades
            Kabage Karanja and Stella Mutegi
            “This can’t be architecture…” Kali wrote on his yellow layout paper while gripping his clutch pencil. He sat obtuse against his chair looking at...
            Cascades
            Case Miller
            Part 1 What we consider our core tradition of moral and political theory today springs from this question: What does it mean to pay our...
            Cascades
            When the Contagion reached Hong Kong in 1997, Philip Tose traveled to 2047 to take a lump sum loan from himself. Most people blamed the magnitude...
            Cascades
            Nick Axel, Aric Chen, Nikolaus Hirsch, and Martina Muzi
            Cascades is a collaboration between MAAT - Museum of Art, Architecture and Technology and e-flux Architecture within the context of the...
            Exhausted
            For almost all of human history, reproduction was inexorable, unimpeded, and imperative, as well as socially and medically dangerous. Reproduction...
            Exhausted
            The heraldic symbol of the Red Hand is believed to embody Ulster’s founding legend, in which the first to touch the land in a boat race claims its...
            Exhausted
            “Akka,” Umesh began, making eye contact through the rearview mirror as he expertly chauffeured the car down the highway, and I sat in the back...
            Exhausted
            The In/Fertile Crescent From the delta of the Tigris-Euphrates to the valley of the Jordan river, curving around the Great Syrian Desert and...
            Exhausted
            Soil is the basis of life and a symbol of fertility. It has played a crucial role in history, giving birth to and fostered a variety of cultures...
            Exhausted
            For many Native American communities, understandings of family, fertility, and “collective continuance” are closely rooted to the protection,...
            Exhausted
            Nick Axel, Cooking Sections, and Nikolaus Hirsch
            Exhausted is a collaboration between SALT and e-flux Architecture within the context of CLIMAVORE: Seasons Made to Drift , a new solo...
            Confinement
            Armature Globale
            Apparently, we are cursed. In early September, they call. “We need an exhibition display for a show to be viewed remotely. Optional lockdown, no...
            Confinement
            Alessandro Bava and Lydia Ourahmane
            In 2019, I started working on a project to reinforce a wall, which is still in progress. The wall divided the corridor from a room at Residency...
            Confinement
            Aristide Antonas
            In her text about Afro-pessimism and its intellectual consequences, Catherine Malabou calls for a different understanding of life in prison than...
            Accumulation
            In 1963, Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew (1959–1990) called Singapore a “society in transition,” pushing the country on an upwards trajectory towards...
            Accumulation
            Lindsay Bremner and Beth Cullen
            In Yangon, Myanmar, displays of conspicuous wealth adorn high-end real estate developments located at strategic downtown intersections and...
            Confinement
            Nick Axel: As you move through this series of drawings, you start to realize you’re moving through a landscape, one that’s inscribed with...
            Confinement
            Michel Kessler
            Covered in vaseline, polycarbonate, and mylar tape, the circular compound eye of knowledge occupies spaces and dreams, zones and fields, areas and...
            Confinement
            Alberto Lule, Savannah Ramirez, Rosie Rios, and Nathaniel Whitfield
            Nathaniel Whitfield The university and the prison both exist as metaphors and metonyms. As part of the Underground Scholars Initiative and the...
            Confinement
            This text takes form through a spatial and (ever)special dialect. 1 Liminal spaces between letterforms and words are (re)inhabited to extend...
            Critical Cooking Show
            The cooking show is as old as television itself. But why do we like watching the making of a meal that most of us will never cook, let alone eat?...
            Confinement
            On December 1, 2020, when the result of the Covid-19 test performed twelve hours earlier came back positive, I was transferred to a secure...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Asako Iwama, Iris Lacoudre, and Camille Sineau
            Kitchen tools offer a support structure that generates social, environmental, and spatial situations, due to the gestures they involve and...
            Confinement
            Somewhere between the stereotomic stonework of classical architecture and the “service cavity” logic of the modern plenum wall lies a different...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Olive trees hold the living knowledge of Mesopotamia. Since ancient times, they represent life, peace, and solidarity in the region. Soil...
            Confinement
            The diffuse house is the archetypal form of domestic space under late capitalism. The diffuse house operates 24/7. The diffuse house is...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Laura Wilson
            In Laura Wilson’s Trained on Veda , a malted loaf and evolving artwork connected bakeries and galleries through veda bread. This film departs...
            Confinement
            Jack Self
            Every night on this planet, about six percent of humans sleep in tents. We can guess this figure based on the 1.6 billion who lack adequate...
            Monument
            Philipp Oswalt
            Since the 1980s, a number of buildings have been reconstructed in Germany that are intended to contribute to the formation of German identity....
            Monument
            The Perpetrator On November 29, 2017, I was in Rotterdam, having a meeting in a café, when I received a text message from my mother. I’d been...
            Critical Cooking Show
            The New World Syrup & The Fever Hand is a performance lecture inspired by the return of yellow fever in South America. This old disease is...
            Confinement
            Inside Outside
            The three of them were summoned to the parlor. As per the protocol, they would from there on out be addressed as Subjects A, J, and P,...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Zuri Camille de Souza
            Filmed during and just after a two-month lockdown in Marseille, Let Us Heal Together is a visual exploration of a chalky, herbaceous landscape,...
            Confinement
            Space Popular
            Six degrees of separation is the theory that humans are always six or fewer social connections away from one another. Six degrees of freedom...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Nelly Ben Hayoun and Rabah Ourrad
            In Moon Cook , Nelly Ben Hayoun and chef Rabah Ourrad both prepare a traditional North African dish, couscous royal, from their respective...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Luiza Prado de O. Martins
            Danças is a meditation on the employment and preparation of three ingredients that connect the cuisines of Turkey and Brazil—okra, chilies, and...
            Confinement
            Manuel Gnam
            Meghan Rolvien At first, every landscape presents itself as immensely chaotic. Your maps question territorial realities and present a certain...
            Confinement
            Pedro Pitarch
            The Homogenizing force of capitalism is incompatible with any inherent structure of differentiation: sacred-profane, carnival-workday,...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Ben Goldner and Emma Leigh Macdonald
            Consider the space of your kitchen. Who do you share it with? Are they human? Non-human? Could others be let in? Softening Cultures takes...
            Confinement
            Pezo von Ellrichshausen
            This is a large and a small building at the foot of the Andes mountains. In fact, it is an aggregate of twelve different buildings separated from...
            Critical Cooking Show
            BUREAU, Walter el Nagar, and Filipe Felizardo
            To be contemporary might mean to re-learn how to dwell in instability, in uncertainty. Now that the notion of progress (or capitalist modernism)...
            Confinement
            On December 7, 1927, Antonio Gramsci reached the island of Ustica after five attempts to cross the sea from Palermo. He was the fifth political...
            Monument
            Sumayya Vally
            Searching for forms and histories in the architectures of diaspora, migration, and the overlooked, we may find possibilities for forms of...
            Critical Cooking Show
            2050+ and -orama
            Riders Not Heroes investigates the precarious conditions of food delivery riders in Milan. It makes the case for riders as essential workers,...
            Confinement
            Samia Henni
            1 9:00–10:00 am Reinsurance, call 115, distribution of exceptional travel certificates, medical appointments, contact tutor for budget...
            Sick Architecture
            Beatriz Colomina
            March 20, 2020 I am in New York, “the epicenter of Covid-19,” the news on TV keeps blaring, as if proud of the achievement. New York has...
            Monument
            Vasyl Cherepanyn and Sarmen Beglarian
            After the Maidan revolution and Russian military occupation of Ukraine in 2014, the realm of memory has been occupied by militarism and political...
            Sick Architecture
            In the March 1923 issue of National Geographic , a sketch of a tired-looking businessman invites the reader to the Tucson Sunshine-Climate Club....
            Sick Architecture
            Iván López Munuera
            Sylvia Rivera’s Home On the bleak spring morning of April 6, 1996, the TV station WPQG interviewed Sylvia Rivera at her home in New York. The...
            Critical Cooking Show
            depatriarchise design, Mayar El Bakry, and Romi Lee
            In a long, narrow, modernist kitchen, Mayar El-Bakry, a Swiss-Egyptian designer, is cooking. Using anonymously designed cooking tools and objects...
            Confinement
            Léopold Lambert and Roanne Moodley
            Sara Sherif How did your work against the violence of prisons with The Funambulist begin? Léopold Lambert I think it started from an...
            Sick Architecture
            Elizabeth A. Povinelli
            i. Not what is critique. Not what is a concept or a book. But perhaps, why this critique, this concept, this book? Why Geontologies and its...
            Monument
            We know that narratives are made of silences, not all of which are deliberate or even perceptible as such within the time of their production....
            Sick Architecture
            Kara Plaxa
            My childhood playspace was in the basement of a condominium in suburban Connecticut. The room was allowed to be messy, disorganized, and filled...
            Sick Architecture
            Victoria Bergbauer
            Eyes set on a village in the distance, a man stands in the midst of a peaceful landscape. Two crutches support his posture. His hands rest firmly...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Ilana Harris-Babou
            Nature is Healing presents the reflections of a character who has fled Brooklyn for the countryside during the spring of 2020. The protagonist...
            Confinement
            An illustration of loneliness, togetherness, sameness, selflessness, laziness, asceticism, libertinism, domestication, inhabitation,...
            Sick Architecture
            In 1975, tired of its reputation for being a “soft state” blemished by charges of corruption, security threats, labor unrest, and uncontrolled...
            Sick Architecture
            California and its northern population center, San Francisco, owes much of its character and development to disease. “Gold Fever,” as it was...
            Sick Architecture
            On May 28, 1914, the Institut für Schiffs- und Tropenkrankheiten (Institute for Maritime and Tropical Diseases, ISTK) in Hamburg began operations...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Ayşenaz Toker and Merve Tuna
            An antidote to our relationship with the material world—generally framed by a rationalist apprehension of reality— object*oriented*magic creates...
            Confinement
            sub and Celeste Burlina
            Dear xxxx, I hope everything is well. I moved in. It is a bit strange. The space is immense. The place here is organized so the...
            Sick Architecture
            With the early twentieth century development of a series of immigration stations, quarantine facilities, and hospitals at the main ports of entry...
            Sick Architecture
            I As the plague smoldered in Milan in 1630, three French youths—a scholar, a painter, and an artisan—journeyed to the city from the north, in...
            Sick Architecture
            Mark Wigley
            Whitewash is extremely moral. Suppose there were a decree requiring all rooms in Paris to be given a coat of whitewash. I maintain that that...
            Sick Architecture
            Beatriz Colomina, Iván López Munuera, Nick Axel, and Nikolaus Hirsch
            Sick Architecture is a collaboration between Beatriz Colomina, e-flux Architecture, and the Princeton University Ph.D. Program in the History...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Linda Schilling Cuellar
            A confluence of forces—human invention, neoliberal economic legislation, a wellness food trend, and patents taken out on nature—have led to the...
            Confinement
            Nick Axel How has Forensic Architecture’s work with witnesses evolved over the years? Eyal Weizman In our first experiments, we were...
            At The Border
            Teddy Cruz and Fonna Forman
            The Tijuana-San Diego border region is a global laboratory for engaging the central challenges of urbanization today: deepening social and...
            Critical Cooking Show
            MOLD and Yardy World
            Broadcasting from Crown Heights, Your Mouth Has Power is a collective message from Brooklyn about food sovereignty, resilience and culture...
            Confinement
            Jan de Vylder and Inge Vinck
            Prologue I A schedule. Planning for a project. And to make things clearer, some things are put in color. Not just in color. Outline and...
            Are Friends Electric?
            Florian Idenburg and LeeAnn Suen
            To be wary, to beware, or to be aware: there are choices to be made by the architect in handling the algorithm. Semantic hairsplitting might be...
            Are Friends Electric?
            Laura Kurgan, Dare Brawley, Jia Zhang, and Wendy Hui Kyong Chun
            Networks and Society Whether it is online or in our daily physical routines, we interact with others—close friends, acquaintances, familiar...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Mariana Sanchez Salvador and Rain Wu
            Empathy begins with acknowledging the position of our body in the world, not simply towards a different body, but also across time and dimensions....
            Confinement
            To build a public building was to create a place for citizens to gather. To build a house was to create a place for a family and friends to be...
            The Settler Colonial Present
            When the CCA’s new Double Ground campus expansion opens in San Francisco in 2022, students will be learning and making on land where people...
            Monument
            The Black Archives
            The Black Archives is an Amsterdam-based historical archive for conversations, activities, and literature from Black and other perspectives that...
            The Settler Colonial Present
            In the last few decades, new approaches have been taken to address the urban and territorial impact of public works in Chile, particularly in...
            The Settler Colonial Present
            The Deceptive Tranquility of Settler Colonial Landscapes One of the ways in which settler colonialism operates is by concealing its logics in...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Valeria Meiller and Agustin Schang
            The Case of Meat explores manifold stories behind the meat industry in Argentina. Taking off from the personal narrative of Tata Moya, an...
            Critical Cooking Show
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, Mariana Pestana, Sumitra Upham, and Billie Muraben
            Critical Cooking Show is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and the Istanbul Design Biennial within the context of its fifth edition,...
            The Settler Colonial Present
            The plantation is a persistent but ugly blueprint of our contemporary spatial troubles. —Katherine McKittrick 1 Sustainability is...
            Monument
            In the seventeenth century, Duke Jacob Kettler of the Duchy of Courland, a Polish-Lithuanian vasal state in an area that is today western Latvia,...
            The Settler Colonial Present
            In the wake of the contra-monument protests led by the Black Lives Matter movement, I made a post on a social media group of the architecture...
            The Settler Colonial Present
            Andrea Carlson and Rozalinda Borcilă
            These are unprecedented times. The Covid-19 crisis lays bare our interconnectedness. We are all in this together. Or so we are told. On March 27,...
            The Settler Colonial Present
            Andrew Herscher and Ana María León
            The Settler Colonial Present is a collaboration between the Settler Colonial City Project and e-flux Architecture, featuring contributions by...
            Confinement
            As the destruction of the environment deepens and broadens, leaving no leaf unturned, we continue to perform what once took place inside...
            Confinement
            Catherine Malabou
            The Prison of Language In his inaugural lecture for the opening of the Chair of Semiology at the Collège de France in Paris (1977), Roland...
            Confinement
            Lydia Xynogala
            We are outfitted with senses that convey the surfaces of things…our ways of probing the viscera of the world is to turn them into yet more...
            Monument
            El Valle de los Caídos, sixty kilometers outside of Madrid, houses a colossal basilica and an eighty-meter-high cross that towers over the...
            Confinement
            Ilze Wolff and Anonymous
            Black desire Enclosed Clouded, shrouded, 10, 11, need Chapter 6 Health MY PRESENT STATE OF HEALTH ‘My...
            Confinement
            Design Earth
            Dream House The Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh tells a story of the journey to the Cedar Forest. On each day of the six-day journey, King...
            Confinement
            Nikolaus Hirsch Your drawing is an axonometric representation of the Cape Coast Castle, a building outside of Accra, the city where you have...
            Confinement
            e-flux Architecture and gta exhibitions
            Confinement is a collaborative exhibition taking place both online at e-flux Architecture and on site at ETH Zürich, curated by gta...
            Monument
            And we, Spectators, always, everywhere, looking at, never out of, everything! It overfills us. We arrange it, It falls apart. We...
            Monument
            Dima Srouji
            Sebastia, a small archaeological town, sits on top of a hill Northwest of Nablus, Palestine surrounded by Shavei Shomron, an illegal Israeli...
            Monument
            Valentina Rozas-Krause
            On a gloomy winter day of 1970, Willy Brandt, the Chancellor of the German Federal Republic (1969–1974) stepped out of his car and slowly walked...
            Monument
            In October 2019, along a dusty stretch of a back road in northwestern Mississippi, workmen and activists installed a historical marker, the fourth...
            Monument
            Nick Axel, Ludo Groen, Nikolaus Hirsch, and Marina Otero Verzier
            Monument is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and Het Nieuwe Instituut, featuring essays by Arna Ma čkić, Wayne Modest, Philipp...
            Accumulation
            Researchers, activists, and citizens are speaking more and more about “getting away from the system of production.” The goal is no longer simply...
            Accumulation
            Amanda Boetzkes and Jeff Diamanti
            I. Moraine (Kangerlussuaq, Greenland) Delayed in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland, we stand at the moraine of the Greenland Ice Sheet. We are a short...
            Accumulation
            Buildings are primarily characterized in the discipline of architecture as objects. The composition of a building, for example, is what...
            Accumulation
            Gökçe Günel
            “If you’re in trouble, you don’t think straight,” Ibrahim, an electrical engineer with the Electricity Company of Ghana (ECG) described Ghana’s...
            Accumulation
            Just as the fear of hell drives the marketing schemes of paradise, so too does the desire of paradise fuel the schemes of hell. —Anna Tsing 1...
            Accumulation
            Stephanie Wakefield
            Precarious Entanglement In the Anthropocene—the current terminal period of neoliberal capitalism marked by climate change, environmental...
            Accumulation
            Ian Gray
            The insurance industry is an influential consolidator of knowledge about risk. Accident after accident and plague following plague, insurers earn...
            Accumulation
            Hannah le Roux and Gabrielle Hecht
            Every year, humans move more earth, and more rock. More than what rivers carry with them as they rush to oceans and lakes. More than what is...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Singapore, 2030 A tropical storm is brewing. A group of anonymous hackers recently leaked confidential government documents showing that...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Emma McCormick-Goodhart
            Frequency Fishing It’s only when we dive that we understand. —Pak Harun Mohamad 1 “[To] get a sense in air of [a dolphin...
            Software as Infrastructure
            Space Popular
            Not so many centuries ago places, buildings and cities were their own and only form of visual representation. They stood in one place and could...
            Software as Infrastructure
            David A. Banks
            A scene from a likely near future: an architect wakes up to a chirping phone. She sits up and looks at the messages that prompted the noisy wakeup...
            Software as Infrastructure
            Architects deal in imagined conditions, seeking to imbue their images with a mix of plausibility, desirability, and futurity so irresistible that...
            Software as Infrastructure
            Andrew Witt
            It feels like only yesterday that a cat was a cat and a computer was a computer. But today, instead of tidy distinctions, humans, animals, and...
            Software as Infrastructure
            The Communist bosses of Peiping dropped a bamboo curtain, cutting off Peiping from the world. — Time magazine, March 14, 1949 1...
            Software as Infrastructure
            Amelyn Ng
            On the surface, the way we document buildings may still look the same. Modeling software, like any other tool in history, helps architects depict,...
            Software as Infrastructure
            Nick Axel and Nikolaus Hirsch
            Software as Infrastructure is a project by e-flux Architecture as part of " Eyes of the City " at the 2019 Bi-City Biennale of...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Margarida Mendes and João Martins
            The Azores archipelago has long been considered a site of geostrategic relevance for geopolitical and resource exploitation due to its natural...
            Housing
            Hilary Sample
            Staircases can be perspicaciously complex. The staircase is one place where architects visually and physically connect people within buildings,...
            Housing
            Anna Puigjaner
            Historically, the idea of home has mirrored a faithful image of society’s deeper social structures. Consequently, housing has often been used as...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Jeremy B.C. Jackson
            The oceans throughout history provided seemingly inexhaustible fish for people brave and skillful enough to exploit them. Whenever fish catches...
            At The Border
            Introduction After three months of stringent restriction on travel to and within the EU, Monday June 5 was heralded by the EU Commission as...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Mark Williams and Jan Zalasiewicz
            Earth’s oceans are a permanent feature of its surface. They are visible, even though very faintly, six billion kilometers away in deep space. On a...
            Housing
            Daniel Loick
            Most philosophers—in fact, most people—would agree that use presupposes property; that in order to use something legitimately, one needs the...
            Housing
            In the wake of World War II, decolonization and the Cold War reshaped urbanization processes around the planet. 1 The untangling of Western...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Laleh Khalili
            Flying above oceanic anchorages near the world’s largest oil ports reveals a tangle of all sorts of cargo ships waiting to bunker (refuel), as...
            Housing
            Grady Ranch is a vast, 1,039-acre estate in the rolling hills northwest of San Rafael, CA. The Ranch has been at the center of a controversy since...
            Housing
            Renato Cymbalista (FICA) and George Kafka
            George Kafka Can you explain the genesis of FICA and, in simple terms, how the model works? Renato Cymbalista (FICA) Around four years...
            Housing
            Nathalie de Vries
            Georg Vrachliotis What are the biggest issues facing housing today? Nathalie de Vries We have to create livable cities while living...
            Housing
            There is a contradiction at the core of contemporary urbanization. Cities and urban regions are expanding rapidly and exert a growing political...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Nabil Ahmed
            In March 2019, the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) acquired a leaked letter that would signal a new stage in their struggle...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Cresantia Frances Koya Vaka’uta
            Housing
            Dieter Roelstraete
            “The difference between a good and a poor architect is that the poor architect succumbs to every temptation and the good one resists it.”...
            Housing
            When groups of lesbians started to break into and squat vacant council properties across London in the early 1970s, they had to learn how to...
            Housing
            Rent control and anti-eviction measures in general have attracted enormous attention in recent years because they directly addresses the issue of...
            Housing
            Ingo Niermann
            We will never again shout, sneeze, or cough unmasked without provoking anger and fear. We will never again hug each other without the thrill of...
            Housing
            "Apartment Buildings for New York" is a previously unpublished manifesto by Frei Otto written in 1959. It is a continuation of Otto’s...
            Housing
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, and Georg Vrachliotis
            Housing is a collaboration between e-flux architecture and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Chair for Theory of Architecture featuring...
            Oceans in Transformation
            monster From monstrum, monere : to show, warn, or remind by which gods give notice of calamity Hence: monstrous premonition...
            Architectures of Education
            Joaquim Moreno
            Remote education was originally invented to overcome distance, to make learning accessible to those who could not converge in centralized...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Astrida Neimanis
            The Weather As an embodied experience and agentic force, weather moves, scars, imprints. Our armpits dampen in response to the heat; our jaws...
            Oceans in Transformation
            John Palmesino and Ann-Sofi Rönnskog
            0000 The horizon is the interception of sight with the surface of the planet. It is a space that marks both a position and a transient flux:...
            Oceans in Transformation
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, John Palmesino, Markus Reymann, Ann-Sofi Rönnskog, and Daniela Zyman
            Oceans in Transformation is a collaboration between TBA21–Academy and e-flux Architecture within the context of the eponymous exhibition at...
            At The Border
            Tatiana Bilbao and Ayesha S. Ghosh
            Unlike tracings which propagate redundancies, mappings discover new worlds within past and present ones; they inaugurate new grounds upon the...
            At The Border
            Lorenzo Pezzani
            In May 2012, the United Kindgom’s then-home secretary Theresa May announced in an interview the introduction of new, groundbreaking legislation in...
            At The Border
            Shahram Khosravi and Mahmoud Keshavarz
            In early March 2020, the Turkish government found itself stuck in a military conflict with Russia in Idlib, a border city in northwest Syria. The...
            At The Border
            Almost everyone, outside of North Korea, thinks that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) will eventually collapse and be absorbed by...
            At The Border
            Cristina Goberna Pesudo
            30 hours. On Thursday, March 12th, the newspapers were on fire. Every four hours their headlines changed. We woke up to the news that the...
            At The Border
            Andrew Herscher and Ana María León
            The colonial genealogy of the contemporary nation-state border frames any politics of their opening. Borders are opened when they are approached,...
            At The Border
            Andrea Bagnato
            Red Zones The first time Italians heard the expression zona rossa (“red zone”) was in June 2001, in the lead up to the G8 in Genoa. In...
            At The Border
            The South China Sea is a semi-enclosed sea. It is located south of China and Taiwan; east of Vietnam; and west and north of the archipelago...
            At The Border
            Lydia Kallipoliti
            Within the short course of a few days, we’ve all come to meet and live on Zoom. 1 In pivoting to online learning, we deliberate on how new forms...
            At The Border
            Theo Deutinger
            The border between the US and Mexico was first defined by the “United States and Mexican Boundary Survey” (1848–1855) in accordance with the...
            At The Border
            Daniel Fernández Pascual
            1. The Beetle and the Seagrass Against the Port If property depends on clearly defined boundaries … then coastal/marine property is...
            At The Border
            Caitlin Blanchfield and Nina Valerie Kolowratnik
            1. Wall On February 27, 2020 Ned Norris, Chairman of the Tohono O’odham Nation, addressed the United States House of Representatives...
            At The Border
            ¶ I imagine limbo as an extraterritoriality without walls, without corners, windows, entrances or exits. I can also cast it as ocean and...
            At The Border
            Jostling around our necks, the dosimeters flashed their readings and the ticking of the handheld geiger counter spasmed sporadically in alarm. We...
            At The Border
            Ersela Kripa & Stephen Mueller
            The US-Mexico borderlands can be defined by shifting and intensifying bands of ultraviolet radiation that impact bodies in asymmetrical ways,...
            At The Border
            Justin McGuirk
            What is the opposite of an exodus? Not the flooding of people into a city, but its emptying out by a kind of implosion—the city withdrawing into...
            At The Border
            Ifor Duncan and Stefanos Levidis
            The Dam On the 10th of March, news reports emerged suggesting that Bulgaria had released water downstream from the Ivaylovgrad Dam on the...
            At The Border
            In Pursuit of a Single Map Munir is a 23-year-old high-school-educated data technician hired by a private geospatial mapping company in...
            At The Border
            Borders are indispensable to capital’s formatting of the world. As social institutions, borders not only mediate relations of capital and state...
            At The Border
            Nick Axel, Jan Boelen, Charlotte Dumoncel d’Argence, and Nikolaus Hirsch
            At The Border is a collaboration between A/D/O and e-flux Architecture within the context of its 2019/2020 Research Program, featuring...
            Architectures of Education
            Gudskul
            Architectures of Education
            Ralf and Robert arrive to collect me from my hotel on a snowy Vienna morning to drive to the wartime labor camp at Mauthausen. I've been invited...
            Architectures of Education
            Lesley Lokko
            I began writing this essay weeks before I left South Africa in November 2019 for good; picked it up again a week after my arrival in New York...
            Architectures of Education
            Ramon Amaro
            It is for the sake of the present and of the future that they are willing to die. —Frantz Fanon 1 But if we rediscover time beneath the...
            Architectures of Education
            Aoife Donnelly and Kristin Trommler
            The beginning of the twentieth century in England saw an increase in social welfare and educational reforms, the birth of the Garden City...
            Architectures of Education
            Mark Jarzombek
            The other day, Matt Mullenweg (chief executive of Automatic, which owns the WorldPress blogging platform) stated: “This is not how I imagined...
            Architectures of Education
            Elain Harwood
            In the United Kingdom, the Education Act of 1944 introduced secondary schooling for all children in government funded education, with a system of...
            Architectures of Education
            The April 1968 issue of the American magazine Progressive Architecture and the May 1968 issue of the UK Architectural Design journal both...
            Architectures of Education
            Sol Perez-Martinez
            The late 1960s saw the birth of two radical ideas in the fields of education and environment. In education, the deschooling movement began with a...
            Architectures of Education
            Santhosh S.
            Representation fails to capture the affirmed world of difference. Representation has only a single center, a unique and receding perspective,...
            Architectures of Education
            Nick Axel, Bill Balaskas, Nikolaus Hirsch, Sofia Lemos, and Carolina Rito
            Architectures of Education is a collaboration between Nottingham Contemporary, Kingston University, and e-flux Architecture, and a...
            New Silk Roads
            This visual essay was assembled out of partly spontaneous and short, and other carefully planned and longer trips through Tajikistan and...
            New Silk Roads
            On October 15, 2015, a clash broke out between the residents of Okunraiye, a town in Ibeju Lekki, an area east of Lagos, and the workers of...
            New Silk Roads
            Tekla Aslanishvili and Orit Halpern
            rec·la·ma·tion noun 1. the process of claiming something back or of reasserting a right. 1.1 the cultivation of waste land or land...
            New Silk Roads
            Maia Adele Simon
            On September 08, 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping gave a speech at Kazakhstan’s Nazarbayev University to launch the Silk Road Economic Belt...
            New Silk Roads
            Danika Cooper
            The “strategic invisibility” of desert spaces accommodate the pursuit of activities out of public view and beyond the realm of judicial and civic...
            New Silk Roads
            Belt and Road is a project in both writing and reading history. To date, international scrutiny has fallen overwhelmingly on the former; how...
            New Silk Roads
            Asia Bazdyrieva and Solveig Suess
            The 3rd Digital Belt and Road conference was held in Tengchong, southern China, in early December, 2018. Initiated by the Chinese Academy of...
            New Silk Roads
            Nishat Awan and Zahra Hussain
            There is a mud volcano on the periphery of Gwadar, a coastal town in Pakistan’s Balochistan province, locally known as “ sumunder ki naaf ,” or...
            New Silk Roads
            Timothy Mitchell
            The standard way of writing about infrastructure is to start from the question of space and treat time as a consequence. Infrastructures create...
            New Silk Roads
            Aformal Academy and e-flux Architecture
            New Silk Roads is a collaboration between Aformal Academy and e-flux Architecture. The project has been supported by Design Trust and...
            Positions
            Tom Holert
            The Siren Call of Participation Lingering in the dispersed and forgotten archives of the post-Sputnik crisis age is evidence of myriad...
            Intelligence
            Simone C. Niquille
            Learning is not a process of accumulation of representations of the environment; it is a continuous process of transformation of behavior...
            Intelligence
            Ippolito Pestellini Laparelli
            From the point of view of the ordinary educated citizen … the World Encyclopaedia would be a row of volumes in his own home or in some...
            Intelligence
            Alessandro Bava
            The Analytical Engine has no pretensions whatever to originate anything. It can do whatever we know how to order it to perform. It can...
            Intelligence
            Erin Besler and Ian Besler
            I. A Catalog of Catalogs We are so lucky… We are so lucky to have been raised amongst catalogs! — Meg Swan, Best in Show 1...
            Intelligence
            Nick Axel, Thomas Geisler, Nikolaus Hirsch, and Aline Lara Rezende
            Intelligence is an Online ↔ Offline collaboration between e-flux Architecture and BIO 26| Common Knowledge , the 26th Biennial of Design...
            Positions
            0. In a time out of joint, what is the most untimely question that could be asked? 1. In the 1990s, Peter Märkli built a museum for...
            Collectivity
            Pier Vittorio Aureli, Leonard Ma, Mariapaola Michelotto, Martino Tattara, and Tuomas Toivonen
            The Original Sin When addressing contemporary housing crises, it is common for architects, planners, and the public to refer to a shortage...
            Collectivity
            Urban collectivity, the emotional connection of individuals to place and to others, has been at once a strength and weakness of cities since the...
            Collectivity
            Keller Easterling
            Nothing works. And to worry that things might go wrong is to miss the point. Things will always go wrong. Problems, errors, risks, and...
            Positions
            “It had rained earlier, and the fragmented, light-filled clouds worked off each other.” —Teju Cole 1 rain What makes one...
            Collectivity
            1989 was the year the Berlin Wall fell. The year of protests in Tiananmen Square. The year Frederik Willem de Klerk initiated the end of apartheid...
            Collectivity
            Ana Džokić, Marc Neelen, Jere Kuzmanić, and Predrag Milić
            We enter the terrain at sunset. It is silent, and even the water in front of us does not give away any movement. Along the dusty entrance, a wall...
            Collectivity
            Nick Axel, Nikolaus Hirsch, and Beth Hughes
            Collectivity is a collaboration between the Seoul Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism 2019 Thematic Exhibition and e-flux Architecture,...
            Positions
            Andreas Angelidakis
            Nick Axel Your work has always engaged with the dialectic between the abstract and the concrete, the virtual and the actual. In a lot of your...
            Liquid Utility
            Mumbai’s water network has long distributed water, difference, and inequality through the city. Delivering over three billion liters of water...
            Positions
            Shahar Livne
            Nick Axel As a conceptual material designer, you’ve recently invented lithoplast. What is lithoplast? Shahar Livne Lithoplast is an...
            Overgrowth
            Many conventional economists argue that a healthy economy needs to grow at between 2–3%. This conveniently overlooks the fact that, if all...
            Overgrowth
            Tristan Boniver
            Nikolaus Hirsch The notion of time seems to be very essential to Rotor's practice. Your work on material cyles provides a different...
            Positions
            Emanuel Christ
            Nikolaus Hirsch Your practice is known for museums, such as the Kunstmuseum in Basel, the Swiss National Museum in Zurich, or the upcoming...
            Overgrowth
            Mill & Jones
            Overgrowth
            Kjetil Trædal Thorsen
            Nick Axel Your practice, Snøhetta, has for the past thirty years pioneered questions of sustainability and problematized ecological challenges...
            Overgrowth
            Architecture today is addicted to four basic products: steel, concrete, glass, and plastic. Each is a figure in the hyper-industrial world in...
            Positions
            Nikolaus Hirsch You recently won a competition to build a new hospital in Tambacounda, Senegal. A project like this can be thought about as a...
            Conditions
            At the end of 1975, after Morocco invaded Western Sahara, the Saharawi resistance began to gather photographs belonging to Moroccan soldiers who...
            Conditions
            Mohamed Elshahed and Farida Makar
            In 1954, a young Egyptian girl living in a village hundreds of kilometers away from Cairo could start her primary education in a brand-new school...
            Conditions
            In Mumbai, the word “slum” carries not just a pejorative linguistic connotation, but also juridical weight. Since 1995, with passage of the Slum...
            Positions
            Justin Fowler
            Texas. Between the Rangers and the Cowboys, the gamers. A classicizing, stone-tiled arcade fronts the otherwise nondescript 80s-era husk of...
            Conditions
            Sumayya Vally
            In Johannesburg, spaces are divided with walls of varying thicknesses, sizes, gradients, and varying degrees of opacity. Physical walls and...
            Conditions
            Pier Vittorio Aureli and Martino Tattara
            In 1962, Jørn Utzon, the architect of the Sydney Opera House, published a short yet seminal essay titled “Platforms and Plateaus.” 1 The text is...
            Conditions
            Adam Jasper
            1. In his 1957 book Oriental Despotism, historian Karl Wittfogel regaled his readers with the bleak fate of the East Asian rice farmer,...
            Conditions
            e-flux Architecture
            Conditions is a collaboration between the Sharjah Architecture Triennial and Africa Is a Country, Ajam Media Collective, ArtReview, e-flux...
            Positions
            On a southwest corner in Hollywood stands the Fountain Vine Plaza, a two-storey strip mall with stucco walls and a blue-tiled roof built in 1984....
            Liquid Utility
            Andrea Muehlebach
            An unprecedented local referendum in 2011 forced the city of Berlin to remunicipalize its water utility after more than ten years of partial...
            Positions
            Emma McCormick-Goodhart
            We who draw do so not only to make something visible to others, but also to accompany something invisible to its incalculable destination....
            Liquid Utility
            Adriana Garriga-López
            Puerto Rico is composed of several sub-tropical islands in the eastern Caribbean. Sources of fresh water in Puerto Rico are abundant. 1 Hundreds...
            Positions
            Lawrence Lek
            Nick Axel Architecture features prominently in your virtual reality and simulation work as a narrative device. How do you see the medium of...
            Are Friends Electric?
            Adam Greenfield
            Trust is good, control is better. —Vladimir Lenin 1 For an outsider, particularly one without any Mandarin to lean on, thinking...
            Are Friends Electric?
            Discourses about the possible alliance of art and technology have informed institutional projects across the history of modern art and contributed...
            Positions
            Andreas Rumpfhuber
            I. Vienna, sometime in early January. I am on my way to visit the site of what might be a red herring for Vienna’s public housing model....
            Are Friends Electric?
            Laura Kurgan, Dare Brawley, Brian House, Jia Zhang, and Wendy Hui Kyong Chun
            The word “homophily” was coined in a highly-cited 1954 essay by Paul F. Lazarsfeld and Robert K. Merton on friendship in a mixed-race housing...
            Are Friends Electric?
            Sven-Olov Wallenstein and Koo Jeong A
            Daniel Birnbaum Koo Jeong A’s augmented reality artwork density (2019) hovers in the air in a hidden garden in Regent’s Park, London. Nobody...
            Are Friends Electric?
            Mud is another element. One comes to love it, to be like a wading bird, happy only at the edges of the world where land and water meet, where...
            Are Friends Electric?
            Nick Axel, Daniel Birnbaum, and Nikolaus Hirsch
            Are Friends Electric? is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and Moderna Museet within the context of its exhibition Mud Muses: A Rant...
            Positions
            Mimi Zeiger
            “Queerness is not here yet. Queerness is an ideality,” writes José Esteban Muñoz in his introduction to Cruising Utopia: The Then and There of...
            Overgrowth
            Daniel A. Barber
            Emergency exits frame and regulate contemporary life in the city—a life of excess, expenditure, and accumulation. Hidden, usually behind the...
            Overgrowth
            Sandi Hilal
            Nick Axel How would you describe your Living Room project? Sandi Hilal Living rooms are traditionally where the private home opens itself...
            Overgrowth
            In her book In Catastrophic Times: Resisting the Coming Barbarism , Isabelle Stengers calls into question the dominant perspective of growth,...
            Positions
            Julian Rose
            By the late 1960s, Alan Solomon was established as one of America’s most innovative and influential curators. He had organized dozens of...
            Overgrowth
            Less and less do y