Tirana 2030: General Local Plan
Almost a century later, Italians design Tirana again.
Tirana City Council last week approved the General Local Plan designed by SBA (Stefano Boeri Architetti), together with UNLAB and IND offices. In fact, in 2015 the Italian-Dutch team won an international competition published by the Albanian Government, after an administrative reform that drastically reduced the amount of Municipalities in the whole territory.
The General Local Plan called “Tirana 2030” (Tr030), designed by the architect Stefano Boeri together with UNLAB and IND (winners of an international competition at the beginning of 2016), has just been approved. It is an ambitious and major project that, a hundred years from the General Local Plan designed by Italian designers led by Armando Brasini, opens a new stage in the future of the Albanian capital.
The new General Local Plan, strongly wanted by Edi Rama’s government (he is the previous Mayor of Tirana) and by the current Mayor Erion Veliaj’s administration, includes the entire metropolitan area of Tirana and also takes into consideration rail links with the airport and the port of Durazzo, green areas and green corridors, public transportation, new areas of controlled development and the enhancement of the architectural heritage of the city.
Stefano Boeri‘s General Local Plan avoids the city growing beyond its current boundaries, thanks to planting an “orbital forest” of 3 millions of new trees. Tirana will grow in intensity along its historical paths (Boulevard Dëshmorët e Kombit, the second and the fourth ring, Tirana-Durazzo axis and the 5 development areas) without natural or agricultural soil consumption, but rather multiplying green areas, facilities and public spaces.
Thanks to the creation of two green rings inside the central area, suitable for cycling and walking, of a big natural oasis around the lake Farka and of new green strips along water flows, green surfaces in the city will triplicate.
The realization of 20 new public schools, together with the new World Square that gives a northwards end to the Boulevard Dëshmorët e Kombit, will allow to develop a net of new urban squares featured with cultural activities and facilities for the citizen.
Boeri’s project also redefines urban mobility—introducing a congestion charge in central areas, promoting car sharing, favoring a “bus dedicated lines” system—and extra-urban mobility with fast connections between the Boulevard and the airport, promoting also an improvement of links with outer towns.
The General Local Plan redefines, both inside the historic city and in the suburban and rural areas, new cores of urban, economic and social development of the new Tirana, polycentric metropolis.
A green corridor, where energy production will be incentivized through the application of renewable resources, will contribute to feed the city and its growth.
In comparison with the current plan, the recently approved general local plan has reduced by two thirds the previsions of demographic development in the metropolitan area and has reshaped a green metropolis, accessible to everyone, a kaleidoscopic metropolis that will encourage plurality of the established functions and the mix of activities.
The new General Local Plan TR 030, before becoming operative, has to be approved by National Council, at the end of January 2017.
Project: Tirana 030 - a Kaleidoscopic Metropolis
Project Team: Stefano Boeri Architetti, UNLAB e IND, Municipality of Tirana
Stefano Boeri Architetti: Stefano Boeri con Francesca Cesa Bianchi, Corrado Longa, Laura Di Donfrancesco, Hana Narvaez e Jacopo Abbate, Jona Arcaxhiu, Orjana Balla, Rudina Belba, Michele Brunello,Tracy Decolly, Ani Marku, Era Merkuri, Martina Mitrovic, Jona Os, Elian Stefa
UNLAB: Andreas Faoro, Francesca Rizzetto, Matteo Andrenelli, Eneida Berisha, Chiara Cirrone, Melania Keci, Erina Simi.
IND: Felix Madrazo, Arman Akdogan
Tirana Municipality: Erion Veliaj, Arbjan Mazniku, Joni Baboci, Nevin Bilali, Devis Agaraj, Gjergj Bakallbashi
Advisors and experts:
Transports and mobility: Mobycon, arch. Edmond Alite
Landscape and Environmental Strategy: Laura Gatti
Landscape and Environmental Analysis: EMA Consulting
Infrastructures and underground utilities: arch. Maria Chiara Pastore, ing. Dritan Bradko, ing. Fatjon Zekaj, ing. Gezim Tola
Legal Counsel: avv. Florian Xhafa
Agronomy: DISAA Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali-Produzione, Territorio, Agroenergia-Università degli Studi di Milano
Sociology: arch. Vasilika Shtephani
Urban Economist: TU Delft
Urban planner and expert in GIS cartography: arch. Eri Cobo
Expert in GIS cartography: Erin Mlloja
Accessibility: avv. Lisa Noja
Urban regeneration: arch. Lorenza Baroncelli
Cultural Heritage: arch. Kreshnik Merxhani
Culture and events: Tommaso Sacchi
Client: Ministry of Urban Development
Area: Tirana Municipality
Location: Tirana, Albania
Photos and video: Attu Studio
Graphics and corporate identity: 46xy