Acts of Art and Rebuttal in 1971

Acts of Art and Rebuttal in 1971

Hunter College

Nigel Jackson and Vivian Browne, Black Emergency Cultural Coalition protest at Whitney Museum of American Art, 1971. Photo: © Jan van Raay.

September 26, 2018
Acts of Art and Rebuttal in 1971
October 4–November 25, 2018
Opening: October 4, 6–8pm
Hunter College Art Galleries
Bertha and Karl Leubsdorf Gallery
132 E. 68th Street
New York, NY
United States
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Acts of Art and Rebuttal in 1971

Benny Andrews, Betty Blayton-Taylor, Vivian Browne, James Denmark, Cliff Joseph, Richard Mayhew, Dindga McCannon, Ademola Olugebefola, Haywood Bill Rivers, Frank Wimberley

Acts of Art and Rebuttal revisits the 1971 exhibition Rebuttal to the Whitney Museum Exhibition: Black Artists in Rebuttal, which was organized by members of the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition at Acts of Art, a small, artist-run gallery in Greenwich Village. The original exhibition was mounted in response to the Whitney Museum’s refusal to appoint a Black curator for their survey Contemporary Black Artists in America.

The exhibition at Hunter presents ten of the 47 artists from the original Rebuttal show, including Benny Andrews, Betty Blayton-Taylor, Vivian Browne, James Denmark, Cliff Joseph, Richard Mayhew, Dindga McCannon, Ademola Olugebefola, Haywood Bill Rivers, and Frank Wimberley. It is a selection intended to represent the stylistic diversity of the original exhibition, with works ranging from sardonic social satire and biting figurative expressionism to Yoruban-inspired symbolism and lyrical abstraction.  Through these artists, the exhibition also traces a network of organizations and groups that supported the aspirations of Black artists and the community in the 1960s and early 1970s, among them: the Black Emergency Cultural Coalition; the Spiral group; the Studio Museum in Harlem; the Black nationalist artists’ group Weusi; and the Black women’s artist collective Where We At. Through its survey of the history of the short-lived Acts of Art gallery and the events leading up to the Rebuttal show, the exhibition and its accompanying catalogue explore the intersections between Black cultural communities and cultural politics in Greenwich Village, the Lower East Side, and Harlem in the late 1960s and early 1970s.   

Where possible, Acts of Art and Rebuttal presents works that were originally installed in the 1971 Rebuttal show, including works by Blayton-Taylor, Browne, Denmark, Joseph, and Rivers. In addition to the twenty paintings, prints, and collages, the exhibition includes a collection of posters, newspapers, mailers, and letters documenting Acts of Art, the Rebuttal show, and responses to it. Accompanying the ephemera is a 45-minute film by art historian Oakley N. Holmes, Jr. that documents the “Black Artists in America” panel held at the Art Students League in February 1971. The panelists include Andrews, Browne, Joseph, Mayhew, and other Black artists central to the moment, as well as Nigel Jackson, the founder of Acts of Art.

“The Rebuttal show,” as Benny Andrews wrote in 1971, “offers a chance to give art historians a handle to grasp in putting whatsoever it is that happened this time in history concerning a group of artists identified by their Black skins.” Acts of Art and Rebuttal takes up that handle and Andrews’s invitation to “grasp…this time in history.”

Public programming:

Friday, October 5, 2018, 1–6 pm in Hunter’s Lang Recital Hall

“Conversations on Acts of Art and Rebuttal,” with artists James Denmark, Richard Mayhew, Dindga McCannon, Ademola Olugebefola, and Frank Wimberley, and art historian and filmmaker Oakley N. Holmes, Jr., in discussion with professors LeRonn Brooks, Lisa Corinne Davis, and Lisa Farrington.

Friday, November 2, 2018 
Symposium on new scholarship in African American Art History

For further information on programming, please visit


Acts of Art and Rebuttal in 1971 is curated by Howard Singerman and Sarah Watson with Agnes Gund Curatorial Fellows Clara Chapin, Marie Coneys, Miles Debas, Jazmine Hayes, and Tess Thackara

This exhibition is made possible by the generous support of the David Bershad Family Foundation, the Susan V. Bershad Charitable Fund, Inc., Carol and Arthur Goldberg, Agnes Gund and Joan Lazarus in support of the Curatorial Certificate Program, and the Leubsdorf Fund.

The Hunter College Art Galleries also thank Paula Cooper Gallery, Larry Gagosian, and Marian Goodman Gallery for their generous contributions to the Curatorial Certificate Program. 

Hours: Wednesday–Sunday 1–6pm 

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Hunter College
September 26, 2018

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