April 11, 2019 - Mies van der Rohe Award - Transformation of 530 Dwellings - Grand Parc Bordeaux by Lacaton & Vassal, Frédéric Druot, and Christophe Hutin wins the European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture
e-flux Architecture
April 11, 2019
April 11, 2019

Mies van der Rohe Award

Lacaton & Vassal architectes; Frédéric Druot Architecture and Christophe Hutin Architecture, Transformation of 530 Dwellings - Grand Parc Bordeaux, 2017. Photo: Phillipe Ruault.

Transformation of 530 Dwellings - Grand Parc Bordeaux by Lacaton & Vassal, Frédéric Druot, and Christophe Hutin wins the European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture

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The European Commission and the Fundació Mies van der Rohe have announced Transformation of 530 Dwellings - Grand Parc Bordeaux by Lacaton & Vassal architectes, Frédéric Druot Architecture, and Christophe Hutin Architecture is the 2019 Winner of the Prize. The client is AQUITANIS, home public office of Bordeaux Métropole. The work is an innovative renovation of three huge apartment buildings in Bordeaux, that gives to all dwellings new qualities of space and living, by inventorying very precisely the existing qualities that should be preserved, and what is missing that must be supplemented. The transformation of each unit cost EUR 50,000 (excluding VAT) and it has not increased the rent of the former tenants who did not need to move out of their apartments during the construction works.

The 2019 Emerging Architecture prize has been awarded to the Toulouse studio BAST for the School Refectory in Montbrun-Bocage, Haute-Garonne, near the French Pyrenees. The client is the commune of Montbrun-Bocage. The canteen is the extension of the existing school for 61 pupils that physically but not visually fences the courtyard.

The two awarded projects have been chosen from a list of 383 works from 38 European countries. Five finalists were selected and visited by the Jury: Terrassenhaus Berlin / Lobe Block; Plasencia Auditorium and Congress Centre; PC CARITAS in Melle; Skanderbeg Square in Tirana and the blocks in Bordeaux, accompanied by the authors of the works, the clients or developers and the users. The jury visited six works of architecture that represent a new agenda for architecture today. We come from a long period of uncertainty which is now transforming into optimism and generosity, and that awakens an attitude that embraces risk both from the side of the clients and of the architects. The finalists delivered extraordinary and engaging buildings and spaces in complex conditions, making the jury’s choice very difficult. After five hours of a strongly constructive debate, the decision was taken democratically and also with the conviction that, after visiting all the works, they would all have been worthy winners.

The Jury chaired by Dorte Mandrup awarded Transformation of 530 Dwellings - Grand Parc Bordeaux for the following reasons:

The Jury valued that the project challenges the existing European housing stock from the post war period, using minimum means to achieve a maximum effect. Instead of demolishing, which involves the use of an important amount of energy, in this case the client understood and supported the advantages of transforming the existing three buildings. This has changed people’s lives for the better without underestimating their previous lives, filling the new volume with poetry because it works with the basis that people understand space and in consequence, they use it in very different ways.

At a moment in which the commissions for new social housing blocks ask for a reduction of the surface of flats, here the volume is increased, offering dignity and giving more value to the individual and to the collective. The ensemble becomes an optimistic opportunity for social housing and modernity, being generous and also changing architecture and the possibilities of architecture. The architects show a very high acknowledgement of who—a mix of inhabitants—and what—the results from previous research on transformation—they are working with. This results in a refined way of working with people, space and materials although the improvement in the collective could have been stronger if the opportunities in the relationship with the street would have been different.

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