May 8, 2020 - Södertälje Konsthall - Amina Zoubir taking a stance on berber queens: history and mythology
May 8, 2020

Södertälje Konsthall

(1) View of Amina Zoubir taking a stance on berber queens: history and mythology at Södertälje Konsthall, 2020. (2) Amina Zoubir, My body is not for sale, 2020. Collages on paper, 24 x 30 cm. (3) Amina Zoubir, Forgotten figure #Kahena, 2014. White plaster sculpture, 22 x 14 x 10 cm. (4) Amina Zoubir, Forgotten figure #Lalla N'soumer. Installation of wallpaper. (5) Amina Zoubir, Forgotten figure #Tin Hinan (detail), 2020. White plaster and paper, variable dimensions. © Amina Zoubir, ADAGP Paris.

Amina Zoubir taking a stance on berber queens: history and mythology
April 27–June 27, 2020

Södertälje Konsthall
Storgatan 15
SE- Södertälje
Facebook / Instagram

Power of myth and imagery

What does it mean to be a woman in Algeria? That question has followed artist Amina Zoubir throughout her upbringing in the country, evolving to an essential orientation within her artistry through video, performance in public space, sculptures, drawings and installations. Growing up in the 1980s and the '90s, she witnessed a violent era of civil war between the government and various Islamic groups changing the society and its public sphere. A war through which Algerian women operated in different roles, while the legacy of a long brutal colonial history with France continued to foster a misogynist society. Hence, social and gender related matters in contemporary Algerian society are very much affiliated with postcolonial issues.

During the last centuries, both the Arab invasion and France's colonial politics have contributed to a specific male gaze on Algerian women, that has been emphasized in the 1900s' torn and unequal society. Such a gaze has deeply harmed the people as well as marginalized the native people of Algeria, the Amazigh or Berber as they are called since the Roman conquest. Particularly women were facing double oppression, both through colonial power and that of the patriarchal structure. Some of the wars' strategies have also explicitly targeted them through controlling societal reforms such as marriage and by a physical and mental violation. A colonial trace in today's visual culture are postcards showing unveiled (literally) Berber females photographed with bare breasts. Depicted both as exotified objects of desire and as emancipated women to promote french ideals. The aim was to destroy the image of the sacred feminine figure and to dominate the native Algerian men.

The exhibition Amina Zoubir taking a stance on berber queens: history and mythology, within the more extensive Ernest Mancoba exhibition, at Södertälje konsthall is the first solo show of Amina Zoubir in Sweden. It presents the latest chapter in her ongoing exploration of female representation and women's history in North Africa through colonial imagery and images of the Berber queens Tin Hinan (4th century), Kahina Dihya (7th century) and Lalla N'Soumer (1830–63). Queens who ruled matriarchal societies in the Maghreb but whose history has been neglected in Algerian school education. Lalla N'Soumer, for instance, was an essential figure in the resistance movement fighting the early french colonial invasion. Tin Hinan walked across the Sahara desert to escape the Roman oppression. Kahina Dihya was decapitated due to her influential position while leading troops against the Arab invasion. So, what role can these postcards and the imagery of Berber queens play today, and how have these images been inscribed in contemporary representations of female bodies?

In Zoubir's work, she processes the destructive history folded within the colonial images by repeatedly drawing the women from the postcards in real body size. As a counteract, she gives body to the oral stories about the Berber queens by sculpting Tin Hinan's feet and Kahina Dihya's confident face—embodying their strength and materializing a presence. Simultaneously she deconstructs a collection of original colonial postcards by cutting them into small pieces to assemble them into new forms—revealing a fragility of its earlier eroticised concept. Her methods call to mind philosopher Gilles Deleuze understanding of "difference" and "repetition" (Deleuze, 1968), which assays a critique of representation. For him, every repetition brings something unique to occur. It is also what lays in between the difference of the repetition that accounts for change- for evolution, for creativity.

In contrast to the collages, Zoubir's wallpaper is at first glance a seemingly simple systematic repetition of a mirrored image of the female warrior Lalla N'Soumer in fighting position, with a gun. However, the mirror effect makes the two pointed gun barrels meet—causing the weapons' force to implode. As if the artist attempts to test both the potential and the inability of such images today. In her work, by employing the idea of repetition Zoubir underlines a familiar dichotomy: the woman as a prostitute (the colonial postcards) and as heroic figure (the Berber queens)—"revealing" them as women, i.e. human beings—at the same time she discloses them as myths. Deleuze says when declaring the essential logic and metaphysical aspects of "repetition" and "difference," prior to any concept of identity: "Identity and resemblance would then be no more than inevitable illusions—in other words, concepts of reflection which would account for our inveterate habit of thinking difference on the basis of the categories of representation."

In Zoubir's earlier work, such as the performance series Prends ta Place - Take Your Place (2012) performed in Algiers at Moorish coffee salons, streets, soccer stadiums, beaches, hair salons and clothes markets, as well as in her exploration of female representation in North Africa show a fundamental need for reliable images of women living in the country today and female presence in public space. This makes me think of what psychiatrist and political philosopher Frantz Fanon, who supported the Algerian War of Independence, once wrote: "In the World through which I travel, I am endlessly creating myself" (Fanon, 1952). To me, he points to the complexity of, and the fundamental in, society's impact on the physical body and psyche. For Ernest Mancoba artists (African) must identify what they need to hand over to the next generations, as he saw art as an extension of humanness. Zoubir makes us aware of creating a distanced gaze to established imagery as well as myths of women, to open up for substituted challenging concepts through art.

Text by Sara Rossling, independent curator and writer.

Amina Zoubir is an Algerian visual artist and videomaker who works on the notion of body and its interactions in public spaces to question and analyse social and historical thoughts in the Maghreb, North Africa. Through her installations and performances, she make reference to the behavioral transfer of the individuals' unconscious when they evolve in predetermined spaces by socio-political norms and cultural codifications, while her intention seeks to create a distorsion in order to thwart the established order. Through her poetic artistry to view on the human/animal/object body, she pushes us to reflect on the established rules of our contemporary society. Her artworks bring constructive looks and pushes forward the evolution of contemporary society, in particular Algerian society. She graduated with a Master of Theory and practice of contemporary art and new media from University Paris 8 (2009, France) and a DESA graphic design obtained at the Superior School of Fine Arts in Algiers (2006, Algeria). Her work has been exhibited in biennials such as Lahore Biennale (2020), Venice Biennale Algerian Pavilion (2019), BISO Sculpture Biennale Ouagadougou (2019), Cairo Biennale (2019), Dakar Biennale (2018), Lagos Biennale (2017), Lagos Photo Festival (2017), Casablanca Biennale (2016), Addis FotoFest (2014), Biennale BY14 Yakutsk Russia (2014), Pontevedra Biennale (2008) and shown in group exhibitions at museums such as MAXXI Museum, MUSAC, CAAM Las Palmas, Torrance Art Museum, Galleries as Primo Marella Gallery, PasaJist Gallery, Pink Gallery, Vovatanya Gallery, Photon Center for Contemporary Photography, Artos Foundation, TAC, French Cultural Centre, and Leonardo Palazzo darte contemporano. She received the Iaspis residency in Stockholm (2020, Sweden), the Bag Factory in Johannesburg (2019, South Africa), Cité Internationale des arts in Paris (2014, France), Cinematheque Tangier (2013, Morocco), Videochroniques Aflam in Marseille (2010, France), Fondation Michelangelo Pistoletto in Bari (2008, Italy). She was awarded the price Varenne FIGRA France in 2013 with a special motion for her performances Take your place during A Summer in Algiers web documentary (2012, Algeria). Her artworks have been included in public and private collections at Fondation Donwahi (Abidjan, Ivory Cost), FRAC Occitanie Fond Régional Art Contemporain Les Abattoirs (Toulouse, France), African Artists for Development (Paris, France).

Open to the public Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays 12-3pm or by appointment.

Södertälje konsthall was inaugurated in 1968 and during many years alliances and friendships were formed with institutions and artists in North-Africa, Finland, Poland and Latin-America. The art that was shown was often political and was also often exhibited in public space—many public artworks in Södertälje were realized during these years. The current artistic programme has a focus on decolonisation and brings forth the most exiting contemporary art from every corner of the world. 

In collaboration with Iaspis, the Swedish Arts Grants Committee’s International Programme for Visual and Applied Artists.

Södertälje Konsthall
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