October 26, 2005 - Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt - Summer of Love
October 26, 2005

Summer of Love

2 November 2005 - 12 February 2006

60311 Frankfurt Germany
phone: ( 49-69) 29 98 82-0
fax: ( 49-69) 29 98 82-240
welcome [​at​] schirn.de


Image: Robert Whitaker, Eric Clapton, 1967, Cibachrome Print, 122 x 82 cm, © Robert Whitaker.

Summer of Love is a ground-breaking exhibition about psychedelic art which illustrates the unique connections between contemporary art, popular culture, and political protest during the 1960s and early 1970s. The presentation reveals that psychedelia constitutes one of the most exciting but also one of the most neglected phenomena in the history of the 20th century. The dialogue between psychedelic art and the political revolution and counterculture of the time manifested itself in an extraordinary aesthetic that gave expression to the social, political, ethnical, and sexual liberation. Striving for an ecstatic art stimulated the expansion of consciousness and the deliberate sensory overload. This was sometimes achieved with the help of hallucinogenic agents that were an essential element of the psychedelic movement. The presentation of more than 350 works including paintings, photographs, films, light shows, environments, and record covers, as well as documentary material from Europe, the USA, South America, and Japan presented within a sensational exhibition architecture designed by UN Studio (Ben van Berkel, Caroline Bos) emphasizes the international character of the movement.

Psychedelic art has traditionally been relegated to the realm of applied art and bad taste, always obscured by the historically and institutionally sanctioned art of the era, the center of which was occupied by Pop, Minimal and Conceptual Art. The psychedelic style was the result of a productive interaction between art, technology, drug culture, music, and many other influences that created an extraordinary aesthetics deeply steeped in the spirit of emancipation and freedom. Most important was the expansion of the range of forms, colors, and media triggered by mind-expanding approaches and linked with a new perception of space. Another crucial achievement of the movement was the fusion of quite different artistic techniques which culminated in a new hybrid art form variously labeled intermedia, multimedia or mixed media art. It was this fusion which made those multisensory spectacles possible for which the sixties became famous. In addition, contemporary visual artists began experimenting with light shows or ventured into music, film, fashion, design, or architecture establishing a close affinity with the ephemeral yet highly compelling manifestations of the fast-moving popular and commercial culture.

Psychedelic aesthetics and politics, however, made their mark not only in popular culture but also had an impact on major artists and avant-garde movements of the period. In 1966, on different sides of the Atlantic, artists pioneered the use of slide and film projections at live concerts; Andy Warhol at the New York discotheque Dom and Mark Boyle and Joan Hills at the legendary UFO Club in London. And the emergence of performance as a major art form coincided with psychedelias playful events in which the human body was exploited as an integral and expandable perceptual instrument, stimulated to reach a state of ecstatic frenzy or apathetic inward contemplation.

Offering a wealth of 350 items from the fields of painting, sculpture, photography, film, video, environment, architecture, graphic design, and fashion, Summer of Love comprises works by Isaac Abrams, Richard Avedon, Lynda Benglis, Bernard Cohen, Richard Hamilton, Robert Indiana (his legendary Love pictures), Yayoi Kusama, Richard Lindner, and John McCracken. One of the major environments of the show is Mati Klarweins New Aleph Sanctuary (19631971), which brings together many of his motifs (which he also used in his designs for Santana album covers) in a spectacular installation. Vernon Pantons amorphous walk-in furniture landscapes unfold Utopian visions of liberated and relaxed living. Works by Archigram, Hans Hollein, Haus-Rucker-Co and others convey an impression of what visionary architecture is about.

A special emphasis of the presentation is placed on environments as well as film, video and multimedia installations replicating the total experience of psychedelic light shows and music performances. Andy Warhol employed light shows and film and slide projections for the Exploding Plastic Inevitable and The Velvet Underground. Major film installations include a room with multiple projections of Mark Boyle and Joan Hills films, first used in light shows for the psychedelic band The Soft Machine and a liquid crystal projection by Gustav Metzger. The medium of film is integrated into the exhibition through large-scale projections of works by Lawrence Jordan, Stan VanDerBeek, Andy Warhol, James Whitney, Jud Yalkut, and Nam June Paik. The documentary sections of Mapping the Underground dedicated to the psychedelic scenes in New York City, San Francisco, London, and Frankfurt outline the historical background and portray the movements protagonists such as the author Allen Ginsberg, the LSD guru Timothy Leary and Ken Kesey, who dedicated himself to the popularization of psychedelic drugs with his Merry Pranksters.

An exhibition organised by Tate Liverpool in cooperation with the Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt and the Kunsthalle Wien. The exhibition was shown in Liverpool (27 May 25 September 2005) and will be presented in Vienna (12 May 3 September 2006) after the Schirn (2 November 2005 12 February 2006).

DOTS OBSESSION/LOVE FOREVER: In advance of the exhibition the Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, in cooperation with the Galeria Kaufhof, Frankfurt, is presenting a large-scale work by Yayoi Kusama on the facade and in the display windows of the Galeria Kaufhof on Frankfurts Hauptwache in the town centre. In the work she developed for Frankfurt, Dots Obsession/Love Forever, she covers the entire outer surface of the department store with her colorful dots, producing a painting on a scale larger than anything she has done before. The spectacular presentation continues in the Galerias display windows. Inflatable balloons that recall oversized fly agaric mushrooms float above the main entrance behind multistory windows, bringing the ecstatically scattered dots inside the building. In the windows some of the mannequins are hidden behind a dot pattern that monopolizes the entire space. The shop window dummies only return just under two weeks later, wearing the new fall collection at the Galeria Kaufhof.

Another part of Yayoi Kusamas work Dots Obsession/Love Forever will be shown in the rotunda of Schirn in parallel with the exhibition Summer of Love, from 2 November 2005 to 12 February 2006.

WEBSITE: In addition, a website will go online with the beginning of the show under www.schirn.de/summeroflove. It will offer the possibility to navigate through the years from 1938 to 1972 along a chronology structured after art, music, society, and literature. Users have the option to defamiliarize the various pages visually with psychedelic effects. The website was developed and realized by Neue Digitale GmbH. Kreativagentur für digitale Markenführung, who also act as media partner of the exhibition.

CATALOG: Summer of Love. Art of the Psychedelic Era. Edited by Christoph Grunenberg, Tate Liverpool. With a preface by Christoph Grunenberg, Max Hollein, and Gerald Matt, as well as texts by Joe Austin, Barry Curtis, Diedrich Diederichsen, Günther Feuerstein, Christoph Grunenberg, Dave Hickey, Uwe Husslein, Chrissie Iles, Barry Miles, Markus Mittringer, Simon Reynolds, Catherine Sadler, Sally Tomlinson, and Fred Tomaselli. English and German editions, 273 pages, 276 color and 47 black-and-white illustrations, Tate Publishing Millbank, ISBN 1 85437 595 4 (English), Hatje Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern 2005, ISBN 3-7757-1670-X (German)

DIRECTOR: Max Hollein
CURATOR: Christoph Grunenberg, Tate Liverpool

OPENING HOURS: Tue, FriSun 10 a.m.7 p.m., Wed and Thur 10 a.m.10 p.m.

INFORMATION: www.schirn.de

Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt
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