Architectures of Education

Learning has long been at the core of philosophical inquiry. The birth of the nation state brought the attention of politicians, scientists, architects, historians, educators, designers, and administrators alike to questions of education. As past centuries have shown, when pedagogical ideals change, so too do their forms. From frontal teaching to rows of tables and chairs, roundtables, open-air schools, and the technology-driven dissolution of the schoolhouse, the architectures of education make ideologies tangible.

Schools are inherently ideological institutions. They are responsible for shaping one’s conception, understanding, and practice of what Louis Althusser called the “social whole.” And like other ideological apparatuses, the classroom, the book, and the school are intermediaries in a chain of social reproduction. Education has always been a factory of subjecthood. As such, it is a lens to reflect on what it is produced by, and speculate about what is produced.

Nick Axel
Bill Balaskas
Nikolaus Hirsch
Sofia Lemos
Carolina Rito

Architectures of Education is a collaboration between Nottingham Contemporary, Kingston University, and e-flux Architecture, and a cross-publication with The Contemporary Journal. The project draws on a three-day public program at Nottingham Contemporary on November 7–9, 2019 which was supported by Nottingham Trent University and University of Nottingham.

Joaquim Moreno
Being Open
Praktik Spasial
Lesley Lokko
The Age of Wildfire
Ramon Amaro
Threshold Value
Aoife Donnelly and Kristin Trommler
The Democratic Design of David & Mary Medd
Mark Jarzombek
Distributed Learning
Elain Harwood
System Building
Sol Perez-Martinez
Deschooling Architecture
Santhosh S.
Politics as Pedagogy
Nick Axel, Bill Balaskas, Nikolaus Hirsch, Sofia Lemos, and Carolina Rito
Ramon Amaro

Ramon Amaro is a lecturer in the Department of Visual Cultures at Goldsmiths, University of London and a researcher in machine learning, the philosophy of mathematics, black ontologies, and philosophies of being.


Gudskul (Contemporary Art Collective and Ecosystem Studies) is a public learning space established in 2015 by three Jakarta-based art collectives: ruangrupa, Serrum, and Grafis Huru Hara (GHH).

Elain Harwood

Elain Harwood is an architectural historian with Historic England and a specialist in post-Second World War English architecture.

Tom Holert

Tom Holert is a researcher, writer, and curator. He is the co-founder of the Harun Farocki Institut in Berlin. He’s currently organising the research and exhibition project Education Shock. Learning, Politics, and Architecture in the 1960s and 1970s, at Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin (forthcoming September 2020).

Mark Jarzombek

Mark Jarzombek is Professor of the History and Theory of Architecture at MIT. He is a co-founder of the Global Architecture History Teaching Collaborative (GAHTC), and together with Vikramāditya Prakash and Francis D.K. Ching, a co-author of the textbook A Global History of Architecture (Wiley Press, 2006). His most recent book is Digital Stockholm Syndrome in the Post-Ontological Age (University of Minnesota Press, 2016).

Aoife Donnelly and Kristin Trommler

Aoife Donnelly and Kristin Trommler are registered architects and educators, based in London. Their research and practice focus on the generation of sensitive and carefully composed projects, that engage with questions around the democracy of place or space and value the experience of the user. They practice, research and teach in parallel, having co-lead a design unit at Kingston School of Art’s Architecture Department since 2012.

Lesley Lokko

Lesley Lokko is a Ghanaian-Scottish architect, academic, and novelist. She is the founder and director of African Futures Institute, Accra, Ghana and was Dean of the Bernard & Anne Spitzer School of Architecture, CCNY from 2019–2020. She was the founder and director of the Graduate School of Architecture at the University of Johannesburg from 2014–2019.

Joaquim Moreno

Joaquim Moreno is an architect and historian. He is author of the book The University is Now on Air: Broadcasting Modern Architecture (CCA and Jap Sam, 2018), and curator of the epynomous exhibitions at the Canadian Centre for Architecture and Garagem Sul, CCB, Lisbon.

Sol Perez-Martinez

Sol Perez-Martinez is an architect, researcher, and curator. Her last building with her firm was a public school in the South of Chile, which encouraged her doctoral research at the Bartlett School of Architecture and the Institute of Education about the interaction between architecture, education, and politics. 

Irit Rogoff

Irit Rogoff is a writer, educator, curator and organiser. She is Professor of Visual Culture at Goldsmiths, University of London, a department she founded in 2002.

Santhosh S.

Santhosh S. is a cultural theorist based in New Delhi, India. He teaches at the School of Culture and Creative Expressions, Ambedkar University Delhi.

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