February 16, 2022

Open Letter: Who Owns the Public?

To the Berlin Senator for Culture and Europe Klaus Lederer, the Governing Mayor of Berlin Franziska Giffey, the former Governing Mayor Michael Müller, the members of the Supervisory Board of Tempelhof Projekt GmbH, the Berlin Court of Auditors, the German Minister of State for Culture Claudia Roth, as well as German Federal President Frank Walter Steinmeier as patron of the exhibition “Diversity United.

We are alarmed that the City of Berlin and its officials have allowed themselves to be instrumentalized by private associations, companies, and individuals around the “cultural manager” Walter Smerling, by providing infrastructural and financial support to the so-called “Kunsthalle Berlin.” Tempelhof Airport is an important, central, and historically loaded location. Organizations around Smerling are not just getting private networking and representational opportunities subsidized by public funding on this site. They are also actively engaging in misguided “cultural diplomacy” in the midst of a geopolitical crisis of the highest magnitude—the smoldering Russia-Ukraine conflict. Vladimir Putin is the patron of one exhibition (“Diversity United”) and, on the eve of the opening of the next (Bernar Venet), the designated Gazprom supervisory board member Gerhard Schröder delivered a speech—in the exhibition rooms, at the company reception of the main sponsor, real estate developer Christoph Gröner.1

We are alarmed, not so much because we have a different idea of culture (even though in the case of “Diversity United” in particular, with twelve white, male members on the project advisory board, the false labeling was cringeworthy) or because we believe that this is the only case where private market interests are given a stage using public funding (unfortunately this is not the case). But many of us have known about the pitfalls of the Smerling protocol for years and now see how multiple officeholders in Berlin, naively if not irresponsibly, allow themselves to be roped in.

Here are our demands:

—We call on all those who are professionally or otherwise connected to contemporary art to rethink their dealings with ethically and politically questionable “partners,” especially with regard to them being subsidized by public resources. Some of us already publicly protested against a Smerling exhibition in 2017 for such reasons; we stand in solidarity with all those who have critically researched and reported on Smerling, as well as with all those who have made their protest known, for example under the hashtag #boycottkunsthalleberlin, or are now ending their involvement in current Smerling exhibitions.

—We demand that the lease of exhibition spaces to “Kunsthalle Berlin” be stopped immediately and that their subsidies from public funds be discontinued.

—We demand the disclosure of the agreement made between the “Stiftung Kunst und Kultur e.V” and the “Tempelhof Projekt GmbH,” which manages the site on behalf of the city. We also demand a political reappraisal in the Berlin Senate of the evolution of this agreement, as well as of the decisions made by the responsible parties.

—We demand a financial and fiscal review of the process by authorities. The Senate Department of Finance has already stated that in the case of interim uses, a rent waiver in combination with a simultaneous subsidy of operating costs is “hardly justifiable.”2 In this case, not only were two halls in the “listed and iconic building”3 (Tempelhof Projekt GmbH’s own words) handed over rent-free. On top of this, 50 percent of the monthly operating costs of each of the two hangars is covered, which according to media reports could amount to up to a hundred thousand euros each, which corresponds to a sum of up to 2.4 million euros over a term of two years.4

—We demand that Berlin’s cultural policy finally start to take art and the art scene seriously, and stop trying to compensate for the chronic underfunding of existing institutions by relying on private players. The public and professional experts must be involved through proper procedures, to prevent this form of instrumentalization. We demand that public subsidies continue to be directed to art workers and public institutions without pay-to-play intermediaries.

—The German Minister of State for Culture and Media is responsible “for cultural institutions and projects of national importance.”5 If the founding of a serious Kunsthalle Berlin worthy of the name is preempted by arbitrary self-designation, this indicates a need for action. We therefore call for ethical guidelines to be developed, with regard to the relationship between the public sector and private interests or sponsors, in order to prevent such instrumentalizations from happening in the first place.

The background:

The “Kunsthalle Berlin” is not a Kunsthalle, or public art gallery—especially not in the sense of being operated by a municipality, the regional Länder, or the state—but a private initiative of Walter Smerling, who is pursuing his own interests. This is not the first time that Walter Smerling has misused terms and emptied their meaning to pretend to have a public mission. His “Stiftung Kunst und Kultur e.V.” is not a foundation, but a registered association.

Anyone can call themselves a curator, including Walter Smerling, but this also empties out the term. Walter Smerling runs a program in which art is instrumentalized to turn public money into private events for networking entrepreneurs and politicians. At the same time, this is a way of sanitizing the reputation of dubious corporate networks from the arms, real estate, and oil and gas industries. As can be seen in the examples provided below, we cannot exclude the possibility that such networks are involved in money laundering and tax fraud, since they lack even a modicum of transparency. The upgrading of problematic economic relations with China or Russia in these fields through supposed “cultural diplomacy” is part of the system too. Abroad, Smerling hosts privately organized major exhibitions in the name of Germany and enjoys the support of high-ranking (ex-)politicians—from former chancellor Gerhard Schröder to former Berlin mayor Michael Müller to former foreign minister Sigmar Gabriel to federal president Frank-Walter Steinmeier. The use of public resources for private interests—by enhancing the reputation of authoritarian regimes and untransparent corporate networks that are repeatedly involved in scandals—is structurally and politically scandalous.

In view of these practices, it is unacceptable that Walter Smerling’s so-called “Kunsthalle Berlin” is promoted by Berlin governmental bodies through the allocation of public resources, and that Berlin Senate administrations have allowed themselves to be made part of this system.6 The Smerling method works something like this: By promoting the same artists over and over again, their work is valorized on the market. The exhibitions are not infrequently publicly funded, and the sales proceeds of the revalued artists benefit both them and their collectors and gallerists. Grandiose exhibition titles are invented strategically, and these exhibitions are publicly legitimized by appearances from high-ranking politicians. In this way, public space is hijacked: cities are furnished with privately owned works of art, as can be seen in the example of the former German capital of Bonn, where sculptures conquer the urban space at Smerling’s insistence, while the public discussion about their legitimacy barely ceases.7 The way the system works also becomes apparent when funding gaps at public institutions are exploited to replace—as in the case of the Haus der Kunst in Munich in 2018—exhibitions of renowned artists such as Adrian Piper and Joan Jonas, which were canceled on short notice, with exhibitions of artists like Markus Lüpertz.8 Municipal and state exhibition spaces are thus notoriously filled with artists from Smerling’s circle, as also happened in 2012 in the case of the Bundeskunsthalle Bonn.9 Public space and public institutions are strategically turned into value-enhancing vehicles, while—bypassing proper public competitions, public control, and selection committees that deserve the name—projects are realized with the help of sometimes dubious sponsors.10 These methods are not unique to Smerling or his association, as other cultural players also try to play similar games. Yet Smerling’s protocol is by no means “just” about art, but primarily about cultivating a network of politics and business.

Especially abroad, artworks are used to decorate arbitrary “cultural diplomacy” in the service of often problematic economic relations. The exhibition “Diversity United,” for example, can be understood as a failed cultural support program for the cultivation of economic relations within an expanded network around Nord Stream 2—the Baltic Sea offshore pipeline project. The fact that the instrumentalized art workers were not overly diverse, not to mention the project advisory board, is only an almost unavoidable side effect that becomes an absurd farce behind the geopolitical and environmentally damaging consequences.

Art-washing as an image boost for arms manufacturers is also part of the method, as can be seen in the example of Germany’s largest arms company, Rheinmetall, which was the main sponsor of the “Germany 8” exhibition in Beijing in 2017. The exhibition “Diversity United,” currently on display in Moscow, is sponsored by, among others, Meridian Capital, a company associated with the former Kazakh energy minister who diverted bailout money financed by Kazakh taxpayers to private accounts in tax havens—a circumstance exposed by the so-called Paradise Papers.11 Another sponsor, Lars Windhorst, is also involved in the Kazakh energy sector.12 In recent months, allegations against Windhorst have surfaced: he is said to have been involved in money-laundering activities with an oil manager from the Emirates. Even if it turns out that these involvements should not be legally relevant, the question remains why local taxpayers and the Berlin administration should support a project with such partners and implications, instead of allocating those resources to, say, artists and institutions hit by the pandemic. These connections between arms manufacturers, shell companies, and fossil corporations stand as caricatures of a laudable idea of cultural exchange and international understanding, especially where this is made difficult by censorship and repression. But whose exchange is it?

Despite the high budgets of the shows organized by the “Stiftung Kunst und Kultur e.V.” with state funding, no fees have been paid to artists, as is the case with “Diversity United”—the ticket to the network is considered sufficient remuneration. In the future, artists will have to ask themselves whether the mere prospect of being allowed to possibly shake the hand of a money launderer is sufficient motivation to contribute to the Smerling program for free. Until now, information about this system was scattered and only known to (mainly Rhineland) insiders, which simplified its operations—sometimes through collaborating curators. But the situation has now changed and artists who decide to work with the “Stiftung Kunst und Kultur e.V.” do so from now on with at least some knowledge of the context. Just to make one thing clear: the situation would not improve one bit if Smerling had the idea of possibly enlisting more diverse—even female or local—Berlin artists for his interests. It doesn’t matter which demographic group is used as window dressing for the underlying interests, since this doesn’t change the foundations of the system. In any case, artists who take part in this operation would be instrumentalized to diversity-wash the image of sponsors and club members. We do not advocate for the Smerling system to be more inclusive, but for it to be abandoned.

Smerling, who cites Joseph Beuys as an inspiration, is an example of what happens when “social sculpture” gets tangled up in itself and becomes toxic, as an old boys network: a profitable system for short-circuiting art, politics, and business. Always the same outdated white painters and sculptors to keep their brand alive; always new partly very questionable sponsors to generate fresh capital. Political orientation does not play a role here; what matters most is power and the opportunity to generate attention and cultivate networks. The aforementioned main sponsor of the “Kunsthalle Berlin,” the building contractor Christoph Gröner, is the owner of the painting Der Anbräuner (2019) by Neo Rauch (a fecal insult painting against the art historian Wolfgang Ullrich, who had pointed out Rauch’s alt-conservative repurposing of East German dissident status13). Gröner is not just another sponsor from the real estate industry possibly hoping for the gentrification of the Tempelhof Airport area, but also someone who in June 2021 hired Russia gas lobbyist Gerhard Schröder as an advisor. At around the same time, Schröder was doing the rounds in the media in his capacity as chairman of the shareholders’ general meeting of Nord Stream AG and possibly as a future member of the supervisory board of the Russian state-owned company Gazprom, in order to turn sentiment against Ukraine.14

Gentrification, art, and diversity-washing of oil and gas corporations, arms manufacturers, and shell companies, supported by industry lobbyists, art speculators, and conservative male alliances: this, in a nutshell, is the Smerling method—at the expense of civil society and democratic norms. The instrumentalization of art by untransparent networks is supported by public funding. When art and its promotion are increasingly understood as a kind of indulgence trade for reputation-laundering and a pretext for champagne receptions for HNWIs—and not as a societal discourse and responsibility—the democratic concept of the public sphere is eroded. In this way, the public sphere is successively privatized.

The Smerling case ultimately raises the following questions: Who owns the public? Is it for sale and for how much? Are politicians who encourage the untransparent privatization of public exhibition spaces still fulfilling their mandate?

In fact, Smerling is only one particularly visible example of an approach that is commonplace, especially in the international art world. Smerling’s role at the international level, however, is marginal. His connections relate to the West German business and political scene and, above all, to a Rhineland coterie. Internationally, Smerling is almost unknown in the art scene; his reach—as far as art is concerned—hardly goes beyond the West German provinces. The advantage of European art systems over, for example, US-American ones has traditionally been that they were partially democratically legitimized and at least in name committed to democratic consciousness-raising. However, this democratic and participatory understanding of the public sphere seems to have become tiresome for many German politicians. Internationally, however, reputation-laundering through art sponsorship, through tax avoidance, and through arms and even (legal) drug trafficking is no longer uncontroversial. This has been demonstrated by a number of successful protest movements, such as those against the patronage of members of the Sackler family of pharma entrepreneurs, against tear gas manufacturers, and against other art sponsors. It is hard to see why in Germany, practices that elsewhere are already being (or have to be) curtailed as outdated relics from another era due to fierce protests should be put in place now. German cultural politicians are hoping to jump on a bandwagon that has long since rolled elsewhere.

Therefore, we also call on all those active in art and cultural politics to question not only the Smerling system, but also the logic of the reputation-laundering of dubious sponsors as a whole, and to resist creeping privatization. Nor can increasingly timid, naive, and hand-wringing media reports (with a few striking exceptions) about these untenable conditions be taken seriously. Some of us, as artists, initially fell for Smerling and his system. Therefore, we would like to urge all others—including visitors, critics, journalists, etc.—to refrain from putting any further trust in the Smerling system. For us, the response to any future overtures from this system is: no—without thanks.

In the case of the Smerling affair, a legal and political reappraisal is also necessary: tax money, public property, and the political mandate are at stake. Is the awarding of municipally owned real estate by an outgoing mayor in the manner of a lord of the manor, approved by a project company set up under the responsibility and mandate of the Berlin city government, legal at all? How can the business practices of Smerling’s association be co-financed by the Senate Administration, with Berlin taxpayer money, without any public discussion and scrutiny? Isn’t the principle of equality at least being broken in by the City of Berlin when elsewhere the temporary allocation of studios is denied, but here an area of eight thousand square meters passes into private hands without public discussion, with the city supposedly covering 50 percent of the ancillary costs without examination? All of this after self-organized artists have been refused the use of these very spaces and a participatory project initiated several times by the City of Berlin has come to nothing? How would the Court of Auditors or the judges of the Administrative Court view this case?

What else needs to happen before these practices change? Who else will Berlin’s politicians accept as cosponsor of their private art gallery? Is or was Palantir actually being discussed as a sponsor of upcoming multimedia exhibitions? Just a reminder—Palantir, founded by Trump-supporter Peter Thiel, is one of the most notorious digital surveillance and analytics companies in the world, cooperating closely not only with military agencies but also, for example, with the US immigration(-prevention) agency ICE.

If we want more responsible use of public funds and sustainable decisions in the future, something has to change quickly. Since at least the Flick Collection scandal in the early 2000s, if not before, we have known that German politicians like to turn a blind eye when it comes to sponsoring art and culture, especially when dealing with institutional and private art sponsors whose capital often goes back to exploitation during the Nazi era.

The City of Berlin has failed in its political mandate to ensure public participation and to scrutinize the donors involved when allocating space and funding for the so-called “Berliner Kunsthalle.”

Therefore, it falls to cultural and cultural policy actors in Berlin and elsewhere to jointly develop principles that prevent the instrumentalization of art as well as the further privatization of the public sphere.

Written by Jörg Heiser, Hito Steyerl, and Clemens von Wedemeyer, Berlin, February 13, 2022

Signed, in alphabetical order (to add your own signature, go here):

Elena Agudio, Kunsthistorikerin und Kuratorin, Berlin
Nora Al-Badri, Künstlerin, Berlin
Bettina Allamoda, Künstlerin, Berlin
Ulf Aminde, Künstler, Berlin
Julieta Aranda, Künstlerin, Berlin
Inke Arns, Direktorin Hartware MedienKunstVerein, Dortmund
Kader Attia, Künstler und Kurator der 12. Berlin Biennale, Paris
Marius Babias, Kurator und Autor, Berlin
Christoph Balzar, Kurator, Berlin
Heike Baranowsky, Künstlerin, Berlin
Rosa Barba, Künstlerin, Berlin
Yael Bartana, Künstlerin, Berlin
Aram Bartholl, Künstler, Berlin
Natalie Bayer, Leiterin Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg Museum, Berlin
​​Stéphane Bauer, Leiter des Kunstraum Kreuzberg/Bethanien
Fabian Bechtle, Künstler, Berlin
Kathrin Becker, Künstlerische Direktorin, KINDL – Zentrum für zeitgenössische Kunst, Berlin
Beatrice von Bismarck, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
Frauke Boggasch, Berlin
Candice Breitz, Künstlerin, Berlin
Klaus vom Bruch, Künstler, Berlin
Sabeth Buchmann, Professorin für Kunstgeschichte, Wien/ Berlin
Kathrin Busch, Berlin
Filipa César, Künstlerin Berlin
Hans D. Christ, Direktor Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart
Phil Collins, Künstler und Professor Academy of Media Arts, Cologne
Eli Cortiñas, Künstlerin, Berlin
Alice Creischer, Künstlerin, Berlin
Christina Dimitriadis, Künstlerin, Berlin
Gürsoy Doğtaş, Kritiker und Kurator, München
​​Aleksandra Domanović, Künstlerin, Berlin
Iris Dressler, Direktorin Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart
Arnold Dreyblatt, Künstler und Komponist, Berlin
Constant Dullaart, Künstler, Berlin
Yilmaz Dziewior, Direktor Museum Ludwig, Köln
Maria Eichhorn, Künstlerin, Berlin
Alexander Farenholtz, Berlin
Rike Frank, Kuratorin, Berlin
Anselm Franke, Kurator und Autor, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin
Lars Henrik Gass, Leiter Internationale Kurzfilmtage Oberhausen
Gago Gagoshidze, Künstler, Berlin
Lisa Glauer, Künstlerin, Berlin
Isabelle Graw, Professorin für Kunsttheorie und Kunstgeschichte, Frankfurt a.M./Berlin
Eiko Grimberg, Künstler, Berlin
Asta Gröting, Künstlerin, Berlin
Eva Grubinger, Künstlerin, Berlin
Krist Gruijthuijsen, Direktor KW Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin
Heinz Havemeister, Kunsthistoriker und Musiker, Berlin
Nanna Heidenreich, Professorin für Transkulturelle Studien, Universität für Angewandte Kunst Wien
Jörg Heiser, Kunstkritiker und Kurator, Berlin
Tom Holert, Kulturwissenschaftler und Kurator, Berlin
Laura Horelli, Künstlerin und Filmemacherin, Berlin
Gabriele Horn, Direktorin Berlin Biennale for Contemporary Art, Berlin
Andrea Hummer, eipcp, Linz
Leon Kahane, Künstler, Berlin.
Vika Kirchenbauer, Künstlerin, Berlin
Stefan Kobel, Kunstkritiker, Wiesbaden
Alexander Koch, Direktor Gesellschaft der Neuen Auftraggeber, Galerist KOW
Radek Krolczyk, Kunstkritiker und Galerist, Bremen
Mischa Kuball, Künstler, Düsseldorf
Thomas Locher, Künstler, Berlin
Isabell Lorey, Berlin, Professorin Kunsthochschule für Medien Köln
Antje Majewski, Künstlerin, Berlin
Jumana Manna, Künstlerin, Berlin
Benjamin Meyer-Krahmer, Prorektor Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig
Zoë Claire Miller, Künstlerin, Berlin
Marina Naprushkina, Künstlerin, Berlin
Marcel Odenbach, Künstler, Köln
Ahmet Öğüt, Künstler, Berlin
Philipp Oswalt, Architekt und Publizist, Berlin
Matteo Pasquinelli, Hochschule für Gestaltung, Karlsruhe
Heiko Pfreundt, Künstler und Kurator, Berlin
María Inés Plaza Lazo, Kunstkritikerin und Kuratorin, Berlin
Andrea Pichl, Künstlerin, Berlin
Juliane Rebentisch, Professorin für Philosophie und Ästhetik, Offenbach a.M./Berlin
Sabine Reinfeld, Künstlerin, Berlin
Mykola Ridnyi, Künstler und Filmemacher, Kiew
Natascha Sadr Haghighian, Künstlerin, Berlin
Christoph Schäfer, Künstler, Hamburg
Eva Scharrer, Kritikerin und Kuratorin, Berlin
Andreas Schlaegel, Kunstkritiker und Künstler, Berlin
Petra Schmidt-Dreyblatt, Geschäftsführerin des BVBK e.V., Berlin
Lisa Susanne Schorm, Projektraumbetreiberin, Berlin
Maya Schweizer, Künstlerin, Berlin
Andreas Siekmann, Künstler, Berlin
Maximilian Schmoetzer, Künstler, Berlin
Bettina Steinbrügge, Kuratorin, Berlin
Noemi Smolik, Kritikerin, Bonn
Raimar Stange, Kritiker, Berlin
Hito Steyerl, Filmemacherin, Autorin, Berlin
Ana Teixeira Pinto, Autorin und Kulturtheoretikerin, Berlin
Mark Terkessidis, Kulturwissenschafter und Autor Berlin.
Susanne Titz, Direktorin Museum Abteiberg, Mönchengladbach
Nasan Tur, Künstler, Berlin
Milos Trakilovic, Künstler, Berlin
Christopher Uhe, Musiker, Berlin
Christina Végh, Direktorin Kunsthalle Bielefeld
Anton Vidokle, Künstler, New York
Janneke de Vries, Direktorin Weserburg Museum, Bremen
Raul Walch, Künstler, Berlin
Mark Waschke, Schauspieler, Berlin
Clemens von Wedemeyer, Künstler, Berlin
Susanne Weiß, Kuratorin, Berlin
Ming Wong, Künstler, Berlin
Didem Yazici, Kuratorin, Karlsruhe
Elena Zanichelli, Juniorprofessorin für Kunstwissenschaft und Ästhetische Theorie, Bremen/Berlin
Tobias Zielony, Künstler, Berlin

Additional signatories:

Ellinor Aurora Aasgaard, artist, Berlin
Sebastian Acker, Künstler, Berlin
Andrea Acosta, Künstlerin, Berlin
Caroline Adler, Kulturwissenschaftlerin, Berlin
Yalda Afsah, Künstlerin, Berlin
Lena-Elise Aicher, Künstlerin, Berlin
Sophie Aigner, Künstlerin, Berlin
Nick Aikens, curator, Brussels / Eindhoven
Antonia Alampi, curator, Berlin
D. Aleksaite, Künstlerin
Ana Alenso, Künstlerin, Berlin
Salwa Aleryani, Künstlerin, Berlin
Zara Alexandrova, Künstlerin, Berlin
Ketuta Alexi-Meskhishvili, artist, Berlin
Franz Alken, Medienkünstler, Leipzog
Anas Alkhatib, Architect, Bethlehem
Alma, artist, Berlin
Özlem Altın, Künstlerin, Berlin
Tamina Amadyar, Künstlerin, Berlin
Heba Y. Amin, Künstlerin, Berlin
Stefka Ammon, Künstlerin, Berlin
Michael Amstad, Filmmaker, Berlin
Angela Anderson, artist, Berlin
Klara Andersson, Künstlerin, Berlin
Veneta Androva, artist, Berlin
Andreas Angelidakis
Lotta Antonsson, artist, Berlin
Leonor Antunes, visual artist, Berlin
Leonor Antunes, visual artist, Berlin
Vela Arbutina, artist, designer, Switzerland
Vela Arbutina, artist and designer, Switzerland
Ingo Arend, Kritiker, Berlin
Fareed Armaly, Artist, Berlin
Jonathan ARNDELL
Marwa Arsanios, artist, berlin
Jessica Arseneau, Künstlerin, Leipzig
Tekla Aslanishvili, Künstlerin, Berlin
Birgit Auf der Lauer, Künstlerin und Kunstvermittlerin, Kommunale Galerien Neukölln, Berlin
Lucio Auri Kunstler Berlin
Linnéa Bake, curator/writer, Berlin
Tobias Balk, Künstler, Berlin
Charlotte Bank, Kunsthistorikeren und Kuratorin, Berlin/Kassel
bankleer, Kunstduo, Berlin
bankleer, Kunstduo, Berlin
Diane Barbé, artist, Berlin
Luca Barbeni, Galerist, Berlin
Moira Barrett, Übersetzerin im Kulturbereich, Berlin
Stella Baßenhoff, Kunsthistorikerin / Provenienzforscherin, Berlin
S.L. Bauer,Entwicklungsberaterin 10999 Berlin
fehmi baumbach, künstlerin, berlin
Joachim Baur, Kurator, Professor für Kulturwissenschaft an der TU Dortmund, Berlin
Göksu Baysal, Künstler, Berlin
E. Becker, Maler, köln
Marie Sophie Beckmann, Film- und Medienwissenschaftlerin und Kuratorin, Berlin
Rainer Bellenbaum, Autor, Berlin
Andrea Bellu, Künstlerin, Berlin
Prof. Dr. Stephan Berg, Intendant, Kunstmuseum Bonn
Mareike Bernien, filmmaker, Berlin
Elisa T. Bertuzzo, Autorin, Berlin
Eva Beth, photographer, Berlin
Wenzel Beuys, Joseph Beuys Estate, Düsseldorf
Ariane Beyn, curator, Berlin
Elke Biel, Künstlerin, Schleswig Holstein
Chris Bierl, Künstler
Eva Birkenstock, Direktorin Ludwig Forum, Aachen
Juliane Bischoff, Kuratorin, München
Joachim Blank, Künstler, Berlin
Alex Blank, Künstler,München
Matthias Bleyl, Kunsthistoriker, Berlin
Katja Blomberg, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
Antje Blumenstein, Künstlerin, Berlin
Christina Böckler, Künstlerin, Duisburg
Manuel Bonik, Autor, Berlin
Andrea Böning, Künstlerin, Berlin
Juliette Bonneviot, artist and product designer, Paris
Monica Bonvicini, Künstlerin
Shannon Bool, Artist, Berlin
Hannes Borgmeier, Student, München
Rickard Borgström, Curator, Sibbo (former Berlin resident)
Diethelm Bornefeld / Künstler / Wachtberg
Alexander Bornschein, Künstler, Berlin
Friedrich von Bose, Leiter Forschung und Ausstellungen, ethnologische Museen Leipzig, Dresden und Herrnhut
Leda Bourgogne, Künstlerin, Berlin
Cécile Bourne-Farrell, Curator, London
Reihard Braun, künstlerischer Leiter Camera Austria, Graz
Elisa Jule Braun, Künstlerin, Berlin
Lutz Braun, Künstler, Berlin
Tomke Braun, Kuratorin, Berlin / Tomke Braun, curator, Berlin
Kate Brehme, Independent Curator, Berlin
Katja Brinkmann, Künstlerin, Berlin
Britta Peters, Künstlerische Leitung Urbane Künste Ruhr, Bochum
Anna Bromley, Künstlerin, Berlin
Adam Broomberg, artist, Berlin
Laura Bruce, Künstlerin, Berlin
Jörg Brüggemann, Fotograf, Agentur Ostkreuz, Berlin
Simone Brühl, artist, Berlin
Maria Brunner, artist
noelle buabbud, artist, bremen
Ruth Buchanan, artist, Berlin
Jette Büchsenschütz, Dramaturgin, Berlin
Nine Budde, Künstlerin
Dora Budor, Künstlerin, New York
Federica Bueti, Writer and educator
Maithu Bùi, Art Worker, Berlin
Neringa Bumbliene, curator, Vilnius
Ipek Burçak, Künstlerin, Berlin
Ruben S. Bürgam, Künstlerin, Berlin / Cologne
Sandra Bürgel, Galeristin, Berlin
Ari Burghard, Künstlerin, Berlin
Liesel Burisch, Artist, Berlin/Copenhagen
Angelina Burliuk, curator, producer, Novosibirsk
Mirja Busch, Künstlerin, Berlin
Astrid Busch, Künstlerin Berlin
Klaus Büscher, Steindrucker, Berlin
Esther Buss, Journalistin
Clementine Butler-Gallie, curator, Berlin
Prof. Daniela Butsch, Intermedia Artista, Berlin
Frieder Butzmann, Komponist, Autor, Berlin
Anthea Caddy, Künstlerin, Berlin
Sol Calero, Artist, Berlin
Melissa Canbaz, Autorin und Kuratorin, Berlin
Stefan Cantante, Künstler, Berlin
Saverio Cantoni, artist, Berlin
Hugo Capablanca, artist, Berlin
Lauriane Daphne Carl, Berlin, Künstlerin / Kunst Studentin
Bettina Carl, Künstlerin, Zürich und Berlin
Christina Cassim, Marketing-Leiterin, Berlin
Daniel Castellanos Reyes, Los Angeles
Robin Celikates, Professor für Philosophie an der FU Berlin, Berlin
Carson Chan, curator, New York/Berlin
Sara Sejin Chang (Sara van der Heide), Artist, Berlin/Amsterdam
Laetitia Chauvin, art critic & editor, Paris
Jennifer Chert, Gallery owner, Berlin
Mark Clare, artist, Berlin
Jörg Colberg, Künstler und Autor, Northampton
Beth Collar, Künstlerin, Berlin
Noelia Contreras, artist, Berlin
Hannah Cooke, Künstlerin, Karlsruhe
Julianne Cordray, Art Writer, Berlin
Nico Curian, Fotograf, Berlin
Zuzanna Czebatul, artist, Berlin
Natalie Czech, Künstlerin
Jacopo Dal Bello, Künstler, Berlin
Inga Danysz, artist, Berlin
Mariechen Danz, artist, Berlin
Katja Davar, Künstlerin, Köln
Lizza May David, Künstlerin, Berlin
Timothy Davies / artist / Berlin
Lucinda Dayhew, Künstlerin, Berlin
Claudia de la Torre, Künstlerin, Berlin
Alyssa De Luccia, Künstlerin, Berlin
Thibaut de Ruyter, Kurator, Berlin
Olaf Deininger, Journalist, Frankfurt/Main
Daria Demia, Künstlerin, Bremen
Pierre Depaz, Dozent, Berlin
Patricia Detmering, Artist, Berlin
Marcel Dickhage, Künstler, Berlin
stephan dillemuth, künstler
Jenny Dirksen, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
Alice Dittmar, Künstlerin, Berlin
Tiny Domingos, Künstler, Berlin
Anja Dorn, Direktorin Leopold-Hoesch-Museum Düren
Monika Dorniak, Interdisciplinary Artist, Berlin
Anke Dörsam, Autorin, Berlin
June Drevet, writer and curator, Berlin/Wien
Arnold Dreyblatt, Künstler, Berlin
Kilian Dumann, Kulturwissenschaftler und Autor, Berlin
Lou Dumont d’Ayot, Basel
Marie DuPasquier, Kuratorin, Museologin, Berlin
Övül Ö.Durmusoglu, Kuratorin und Autorin, Berlin
Eva Ďurovec, artist, Berlin
Anezka Dutschkeova, Manager, Berlin
Bettina von Dziembowski, Künstlerische Leitung Springhornhof, Neuenkirchen
S.H.E., Künstlerin, Berlin
Martin Ebner, Künstler, Berlin / Martin Ebner, artist, Berlin
Laura Eckert, Künstlerin, Leipzig
Alexander Egger, designer, writer, Berlin
Janine Eggert, Künstlerin, Berlin
Antje Ehmann, Künstlerin und Kuratorin, Berlin
Ilka Eichner, Bildende Künstlerin, Therapeutin, Berlin
Manischa Eichwalder, Kunsthistorikerin, Bochum
Judith Eilers, Kunstvermittlerin, Düsseldorf
Marte Eknæs, Künstlerin, Berlin / Oslo
Power Ekroth, curator, Berlin/Stockholm
Haytham el-Wardany, writer and translator, Berlin
Christine Elbel, Producerin, Berlin
Tom Elsner, ArtRabbit, London, Berlin
Daniel Enders, Sozialarbeiter, Berlin/ Daniel Enders , Social worker, Berlin
Prof. Dr. Stefanie Endlich, Autorin, Berlin
köken ergun, artist, istanbul berlin
Isabell Ertl, Kulturwissenschaftlerin, Berlin
Yusuf Etiman, Kulturschaffende, Berlin / Yusuf Etiman, cultural worker, Berlin
Juan-Pedro Fabra Guemberena, Künstlerin, Berlin / Stockholm
Michele Faguet, writer, Berlin
Alex Fahl, Art-producer, Berlin
Mélissa Faivre, Filmemacherin, Berlin
Mirjam Falkensteiner, Künstlerin/ Bühnenbildnerin, Düsseldorf
Andrea Familari, Artist, Berlin
Helga Fanderl, Künstlerin, Berlin
Eight Fang, artist, Berlin
Larissa Fassler, Künstlerin, Berlin
Laurence Favre, Künstlerin / Filmemacherin, Berlin / Genf
Fabian Faylona, Künstler/Designer, Berlin
Helen Feifel, Künstlerin, Berlin
Markus Feiler, Künstler, Berlin
Hannah Feldman, Professor, Chicago
Friedemann Felger, Künstler und Kulturmanager, Berlin
Francesca Ferguson, Director, Make_Shift gGmbH
Eli Ferriol, Berlin
Michela Filzi Künstlerin Berlin
Historian of Architecture and Science, Berlin
Clemens Finkelstein, Historian of Architecture and Science, Berlin
Steffen Fischer, Museologe und Kurator, Goch
Klaus Fischer, Künstlerischer Leiter KV Freunde Aktueller Kunst, Zwickau
Andrew Fisher, Research Fellow FAMU Prague
Jean-Pascal Flavien, artist, Berlin
Lena Fließbach, Kuratorin und Autorin, Berlin
Thomas Florschuetz, Künstler, Berlin
Karsten Födinger, Künstler, Berlin
Prof. Dr. Susanne Foellmer, Professor in Dance Studies, Coventry/Berlin
Iliana Fokianaki,Founder & Director
State of Concept Athens
Monique Förster, Leiterin Kunsthaus Erfurt
Claus Föttinger, Freischaffender Künstler, Düsseldorf
Olivier Foulon, Künstler, Berlin
Ivana Franke, Künstlerin, Berlin
Christopher von Frankenberg, Kunstwissenschaftler, Karlsruhe
Julia Frankenberg, Künstlerin, Berlin
Nina Franz, Kulturwissenschaftlerin, HBK Braunschweig
Joerg Franzbecker, curator, Berlin
Ossian Fraser, Künstler, München
Anne Frechen, Kulturwissenschaftlerin, Berlin
Moritz Frei, Künstler, Berlin
Marcel Frey, Bildender Künstler, Berlin
Anna Frick, registrar Carlier Gebauer, Berlin
Gunnar Friel, Künstler, Düsseldorf
Natascha Frioud, Künstlerin, Berlin
Manuel Frolik, Künstler, Dresden
Séverine Fromaigeat, Kuratorin, Basel
Daniela Fromberg, Künstlerin, Berlin
Jan-Philipp Fruehsorge, Kurator, Berlin
Jan-Philipp Fruehsorge, Kurator, Berlin
Martina Fuchs, Künstlerin, Berlin
Maurice Funken, Direktor NAK Neuer Aachener Kunstverein, Aachen
Peter Funken, Kunstkritiker, Berlin
Linda Furker, Künstlerin, Berlin
Isabella Fürnkäs, Künstlerin, Berlin
Juan Gaitan, architect, Berlin
Dani Gal, Artist, Berlin
Kristoffer Gansing, Professor/Curator, Copenhagen/Berlin
Yuchu Gao, Artist, Munich
Kati Gausmann, Künstlerin, Berlin
Sakhi Gcina, Curator, Cape Town
Ina Geißler, Bildende Künstlerin, Berlin / Ina Geißler, artist, Berlin
Susi Gelb, Künstlerin, Berlin
Hella Gerlach
Michel Gholam (Prinz Gholam), Künstler, Berlin
Surya Gied, artist, Berlin
Ala Glasner, Kuratorin, Berlin-Wien
Adina Glickstein, critic, Berlin
Annett Glöckner, Künstlerin, Brandenburg
Annette Gödde, Artist, Berlin
Anja Goette, Kulturwissenschaftlerin, Leitung Tanzbüro Berlin
Niklas Goldbach, Künstler, Berlin
hannah goldstein, künstlerin Berlin
Karø Goldt, Künstlerin, Berlin
Erik Göngrich, Künstler, Berlin
Gisèle Gonon, Künstlerin, Berlin
Charles Gonzalez, Künstler, Berlin
Patricia Gorczak, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
studio stg: Janine + Philipp Graf, Grafik und Kommunikationsdesign, Berlin
Pierre Granoux, Künstler und Kurator, LAGE EGAL, Berlin
laborgras GbR, KünstlerKolletktiv, Berlin
Mathilde Grebot, Künstlerin, Berlin
Tue Greenfort, artist, Berlin&DK
Alenka Gregorič, Cukrarna Gallery, Ljubljana
Jarrett Gregory, Direktorin Callie’s, Berlin
Paul Griffiths, Artist/Carpenter/Art installer, Berlin
Raphaël Grisey, Künstlerinnen, Berlin / Raphaël grisey, artist, Berlin
Anna Gritz, Curator KW Institute for Contemporary Art Berlin
Manfred Gruner, Buchhändler + Sammler, Ruhrgebiet
Malte Grunert, Filmproduzent, Berlin
Christian Grüny, Philosoph, Frankfurt am Main
Emanze Guidi, Curator and artistic director ar/ge kunst, Berlin
Emanze Guidi, Curator and artistic director ar/ge kunst, Berlin
Ayse Güngör, Kunsthistorikerin, Kuratorin / Berlin
Laura Haas, Architektin, Berlin
Harry Hachmeister, Künstler, Berlin
Hermann Josef Hack, Künstler, Köln
Spiros Hadjidjanos, artist, Berlin
Jana Johanna Haeckel, Director Photoforum Pasquart
Nik Haffner, Künstler, Professor, Berlin
Petrit Halilaj, artist, Berlin
Hannah Hallermann, Künstlerin, Berlin
Werner Hammerstingl, Artist, Melbourne Australia
Josephin Hanke, Künstlerin, Berlin
Stephanie Hanna, Künstlerin, Berlin
Livius Haerer, Künstler und Handwerker, Berlin
Denhart v. Harling, Berlin
Carola Hartlieb-Kühn, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
Gloria Hasnay, Kuratorin, Kunstverein München
Frank Hauschildt, Künstler und Kurator, Berlin
Susanne Hauser, Kulturwissenschaftlerin, Berlin / Susanne Hauser, cultural scientist, Berlin
Ethan Hayes-Chute, Kunstler, Berlin
Risk Hazekamp, Künstler*in und Professor*in, St. Joost School of Art & Design, Niederlande
Malina Heinemann, Künstlerin, Berlin
Chrizzi Heinen, Autorin und Künstlerin, Berlin
Leo Heinik, Künstler, München
Marcel Heise, Künstler, Berlin
Renaud Héléna, Künstler, Berlin
Louis Henderson, filmmaker, Berlin
Ada Maria Hennel, cultural worker, Berlin
Sybille Hermanns, Künstlerin, Osnabrück
Hertzsch & Page, Künstler*innen, Berlin
Rudolf Herz, artist, München
Friedrich Herz, Künstler, Berlin
Fabian Hesse, Künstler, Berlin
Kristopher Hewitt, artist, Toronto/Berlin
PaulA Hierzi, Choreograph / Tänzerin, Berlin
Guillaume Hillairet, artist, Bègles
Antonia Hirsch, Künstlerin/artist, Berlin
Nikolaus Hirsch, architect/director, Brussels
Xaver Hirsch, Künstler, Berlin
Gabriella Hirst, Künsterlin, Berlin
Wolfgang Hockenjos, Digital Strategies for Contemporary Culture, Basel
Anne-Louise Hoffmann, Künstlerin, Köln
Anja Hoffmann, Public Relations, Berlin
Erika Hoffmann-Koenige, Sammlung Hoffmann, Berlin
Sibylle Hoiman, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
karl holmqvist
Alicia Holthausen, Kuratorin Kunsthalle Düsseldorf
Lisa Holzer, Künstlerin, Berlin
Ralf Homann, Künstler, München
Viktor Hömpler, Kunsthistoriker/Kurator, Berlin
Andy Hope, artist, Berlin
Sonja Hornung, Künstlerin, Berlin / Sonja Hornung, artist, Berlin
Philip Horst, Künstler, Berlin
Leon Hösl, Kurator, Wien
Emma Waltraud Howes, Artist, Berlin
Luise Hoyer, Künstlerin / freie Kulturschaffende, Duisburg
Lucas Huang, museum worker, Singapore
Anna Lea Hucht, Künstlerin, Berlin
Lorenz Fidel Huchthausen, Gestalter, Berlin
Sofia Hulten, Künstlerin, Berlin
Ana Hupe, artist, Berlin
Dominique Hurth, Künstlerin, Berlin
Miji Ih, Künstlerin, Berlin
Nico Ihlein, Künstler, Berlin
Nona Inescu, artist, Berlin
Jeroen Jacobs, Künstler, Berlin
monika jaeckel, Künstlerische Forschung, Berlin
Anna Jäger, Kuratorin, Übersetzerin, Berlin
Gregor Jansen, Direktor Kunsthalle Düsseldorf
Paul Jansen, Galeriemanager, Berlin
Joke Janssen, Künstler_, Hamburg
Juliane Jaschnow, Künstlerin, Leipzig/ Berlin
Samuel Jeffery, Künstler, Berlin
Johan Jensen, Architekt, Berlin
Jennifer Jiang, Architektin Designerin, Berlin
Ines Johnson-Spain, Filmemacherin, Berlin
Uwe Jonas, Künstler/Kurator, Berlin
Ulrike Jordan, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
Sophie Jung, Kulturjournalistin, Berlin
Michael Just, Künstler, Berlin
Nadia Kaabi-Linke, Bildende Künstlerin, Berlin
Magdalena Kallenberger, Künstlerin, Berlin
Stefan Kalmár
Renata Rara Kaminska / Artist / Berlin
Patricia Kamp, Künstlerische Leiterin Salon Frieder Burda, Berlin
Imke Kannegiesser, Künstlerische Leitung und Geschäftsführung Kunstverein Reutlingen
Mara Kanthak, Architektin, Berlin
Gabriela Kapfer, Gestalterin, Berlin
Tobias Kappel, Künstler, Berlin
Katharina Karrenberg, Künstlerin, Berlin / artist, Berlin
Malte Kebbel, Lichtkünstler, Berlin
Delia Keller, Künstlerin + Designerin, Berlin
Christoph Keller, artist, Berlin
Emma-Lilo Keller (www.ato.vision)
Blake Kendall, Artist & Storyteller, Berlin
Anne Kersten, Kuratorin, Kunstwissenschaftlerin, Berlin
Eileen Kesseler, Kunsthistorikerin
Bob Kil, artist, Berlin
Grada Kilomba, Artist, Berlin
Thomas Kilpper, Künstler, Berlin
Kinga Kiełczyńska, artist, Warsaw & Berlin
Mara Kirchberg, Künstlerin, Frankfurt a.M.
Ruth Kißling, Kuratorin
Katharina Klang, Direktorin Sammlung Philara
Ella Klaschka, Künstlerin, Berlin
Bettina Klein, Kuratorin, Berlin
Kleine Humboldt Galerie, studentisches Kurator*innenkollektiv, Berlin
Birte Kleine-Benne, Kunstwissenschaftlerin, Berlin
Janna Kleinknecht, dancer, cultural manager, Berlin
Fee Kleiß, Künstlerin, Berlin
Fee Kleiß, Künstlerin, Berlin
Fedja Klikovac, Curator, London
Christopher Kline, Artist, Berlin
Kirsten Klöckner, Künstlerin, Berlin
Alexander Klose, Konzeptentwickler, Berlin
Stephanie Kloss, Künstlerin, Berlin
Annkathrin Kluss, Künstlerin, Berlin
Birgit Knappe, Künstlerin, Berlin/Brandenburg
Bernd Kniess, Architekt, Hamburg
Nathaniel Knop, Film director, Frankfurt
knowbotiq, Künstlerduo Berlin
Michael Koch, Künstlerduo kunstopfer, Berlin
Silvia Koch, Texte zur Kunst, Berlin
Agnes Kohlmeyer, Kuratorin und Dozentin für zeitgen. Kunst, Venedig
Agnes Kohlmeyer, Kuratorin, Dozentin, Venedig
Annekathrin Kohout, Kunst- und Medienwissenschaftlerin, Leipzig
Martin Kohout, artist and publisher, Berlin
Jeanna Kolesova, artist, Berlin
Yelta Köm, Architekt und Künstler, Beriln
Aleksander Komarov, artist, co-founder ABA Berlin
Florin Kompatscher, Künstler, Berlin
Aisuke Kondo, Künstlerin, Berlin / Aisuke Kondo, artist, Berlin
Carlos Kong, Kunstkritiker und Kunsthistoriker, Berlin
Astrid Köppe, Künstlerin, Berlin
Sebastian Körbs, Sprecher der Treptow-Ateliers, Berlin
Max Koss, Art Historian, Berlin
Eva-Fiore Kovacovsky, Künstlerin, Berlin
Lina Louisa Krämer, Kuratorin, Mainz
Dirk Krecker, Künstler, Frankfurt am Main
Susanne Kriemann, Künstlerin, co-founder ABA, Professorin Hochschule für Gestaltung Karlsruhe
FORT, Alberta Niemann & Jenny Kropp, Künstlerinnenduo, Berlin
Gerd Kroske, Filmemacher, Autor, Berlin
Lutz Krüger, Psychologe, Berlin
Clemens Krümmel, Berlin
Petra Kübert, Künstlerin, Berlin
Kornelia Kugler, Künstlerin & Teil der Initiative Lause Bleibt, Berlin
Lena Kunz, Fotografin und Künstlerin, Berlin
Stephan Kurr, Künstler, Berlin
Luis Kürschner, Berlin
Katja Kynast, Kulturwissenschaftlerin, Berlin / Katja Kynast, cultural scientist, Berlin
Anastasia La Fey, artist, Melbourne, Australia
Xavier Laboulbenne, curator, advisor, writer, Berlin-Paris
Philipp Lachenmann, Artist, Berlin
Sui Lam, artist, Hong Kong/Stockholm
Verena Landau, Visual Artist / Docent, Universität Leipzig
Friederike Landau-Donnelly, Assistenzprofessorin für Kulturgeographie
Philipp Lange, Kurator und Kritiker, Berlin/Frankfurt
Teena Lange, Kuratorin, Berlin
Pia Lanzinger, Künstlerin, Berlin
Axel Lapp, Leiter, MEWO Kunsthalle, Memmingen
Oliver Laric, Künstler, Berlin
Rodney LaTourelle, Artist, Berlin
Sonja Lau, curator, Berlin
Susanne Leeb, Kunstwissenschaftlerin, Berlin
Gudrun Lehmann, Künstlerin , Autorin, Düsseldorf
Sara Lehn, Künstlerin, Berlin
Moses Leo, Actor, Berlin
Dieter Lesage, Philosoph, Berlin
Max Liebstein, Student Bildende Kunst, Berlin
Lukas Liese, Artist, Berlin
Karin Lingl / Köln-Bonn
Genevieve Lipinsky de Orlov, art historian and editor, Berlin
Hanne Lippard, Künstlerin, Berlin
Christine Litz, Museum für Neue Kunst, Freiburg
Susanne Litzel, Unternehmerin, 10117 Berlin
Simón Lobos Hinojosa, Szenische Künstler und Kulturwissenschaftler, Berlin
Ingeborg Lockemann, Künstlerin, Berlin
Keto Logua, artist, Berlin
Sofia Lomba, artist, Berlin
Ulrich Loock, Kritiker, Berlin
Julienne Lorz, Professorin, Expanded Museum Studies, Universität für Angewandte Kunst, Wien
Justina Los, Künstlerin, Berlin
Julia Lübbecke, Künstlerin, Berlin
Maren Lübbke-Tidow, Kritikerin / Kuratorin, Berlin
Daniele Lucchini, filmmaker, Berlin
Bernhard Lupfer, Lehrer i.R., Berlin
Rita Macedo, filmmaker, Berlin
Zoë MacTaggart, Künstlerin, Hannover
Mikk Madisson, Künstler, Berlin
Annette Maechtel, Geschäftsführung nGbK, Berlin
Patrick Mahr, Künstler, Berlin
Dafna Maimon, Künstlerin, Berlin
Daniel Malone, Künstlerin, Berlin
Katrin von Maltzahn, Künstlerin, Berlin
Florian Malzacher, curator & author, Berlin
Astrid Mania, Berlin
Zora Mann, Künstlerin, Berlin
Abina Manning, Art worker
Johanna Markert, Artistic Director anorak e.V., Berlin
Albert Markert, Künstler, Historiker, Berlin
Markues, bildender_ Künstler_, Berlin
Tabea Marschall, Artists, Berlin
Cordelia Marten, Lektorin, Berlin
Mirjam Martino, Künstlerin, Berlin
Daniel Marzona, Berlin
Matthias Kliefoth, Publisher, Berlin
Margarita Maximova, artist, Berlin
Dr Magda Mayas , artist Berlin
Hans-Jörg Mayer, Künstler, Berlin
Angela McRobbie Professor Cultural Studies London and Berlin
Elizabeth McTernan, artist, Berlin
Daniela Medina Poch, artist and researcher, Berlin
Alexandra Meffert, Galeristin, Düsseldorf
Eric Meier, Künstler, Berlin
Alicja Melzacka, curator, Maastricht
Doreen Mende, curator, Harun Farocki Institut, Berlin; State Collections of Art Dresden; HEAD Genève
Nicole Messenlehner, Künstlerin
Jasmina Metwaly, Künstlerin, Berlin
Luzie Meyer, artist, Berlin
Katharina Meyer
Barbara Meyer Cesta, Künstlerin, Biel/Bienne CH
Katrin Michel, Künstlerin, Berlin
Alison Midgley, cultural worker, Berlin
Mariko Mikami, curator and coordinator, Düsseldorf/Tokyo
Suzana Milevska, independent researcher and curator, Skopje
M. Miller, Student
Seda Mimaroğlu, writer, Berlin
Eckhard Minuth, Stuttgart
Erin Mitchell, Künstlerin, Berlin
Magdalena Mitterhofer, Regiesseurin, Berlin
Jaybo monk
Thomas Monses, Künstler, Berlin
Maria Morata, Kuratorin, Berlin
Andrea Morein, Artist, Berlin
Stephan Mörsch, Künstler, Berlin
Sebastian Moske, Künstler, Berlin
Oliver Möst, Künstler und Kurator, Berlin
Markus Müller, BUREAU MUELLER, Kunst und Kommunikation, Berlin
Ulrich Müller, Musiker und Autor, Starnberg
Matthew Murphy, Künstler, Berlin
Mushtrieva, artist, Berlin
Berit Myreboee, Künstlerin, Berlin
Edwin Nasr, Kurator, Berlin und Amsterdam
Rada Nastai, artist, Berlin
Henrike Naumann, Künstlerin, Berlin
Rodrigo Nava Ramírez, artist, Berlin
Frank Neubauer, Künstler, Siegen
Florian Neufeldt, artist, Berlin
Sybille Neumeyer, interdependent artist, Berlin
Daniel Neves, Filmmaker, Berlin
NIC, artist, Berlin
Sonja Nilsson, Künstlerin, Berlin
Laura Nitsch, Künstlerin, Wien / Berlin
Dorothea Nold, Künstlerin, Berlin
Karoline v. Steinaecker,
Jaidess Nouss, artiviste, Paris
Irina Novarese, Künstlerin, Berlin
Lucas Odahara, artist, Berlin
Torsten Oelscher, black flamingo, Berlin
Doireann O’Malley, Artist, Berlin & Vienna
Roman Ondak, artist, Bratislava
Elda Oreto, art historian and writer, Berlin
Julia Oschatz, Künstlerin, Sandau
Jannik Ott, Künstler, Köln
Funda Özgünaydin, artist, Berlin
An Paenhuysen, Kuratorin
Hannelore Paflik Huber, Kunstwissenschaftlerin, Berlin
Hannelore Paflik-Huber, Kunstwissenschaftkerin, Berlin
Lisa Paland, Kuratorin und Kulturwissenschaftlerin, Freie Universität Berlin
Norbert Palz, Präsident Universität der Künste Berlin
Stefan Panhans, artist
Pierfabrizio Paradiso, Künstler, Mailand
Sinyong Park, Artist, Berlin
Olivia Parkes, artist, Berlin
Mindaugas Patapas, Kunsthistoriker, Berlin
Pathetic Sympathy Seekers, artist collective, Berlin
Renate Paulsen, Künstlerin, Köln
Sigrid Pawelke, Kunsthochschule Tourcoing
Manfred Peckl, Künstler, Berlin
Alice Pedroletti, artist and researcher, Berlin
Dr. Rupert Pfab, Galerist Düsseldorf
Mario Pfeifer, Artist, Berlin
Pfelder, Künstler, Berlin
Leonie Pfennig, Kunsthistorikerin, Köln
Prof. Dr. Gerhard Pfennig, Rechtsanwalt
Nadia Pilchowski, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
Susanne Piotter, Bildende Künstlerin, Berlin
Max Pitegoff, artist, Berlin
Kathrin Pohlmann, Kuratorin, Produktionsleitung, Berlin
Denise Pollini, cultural worker, Porto
Barbara Posch, Kunststudentin, München
Post Brothers, curator and word processor, Białystok
Paule Potulski, Künstlerin, Bremen
Lars Preisser, artist, Berlin
Susanne Prinz, Kuratorin, Berlin
Wolfgang Prinz (Prinz Gholam), Künstler, Berlin
Andreas Prinzing, Kurator, Berlin
Theo Prodromidis, artist, Athens
Jaana Prüss, Künstlerin & Kulturaktivistin, Berlin
Daria Prydybailo, Kuratorin, Berlin
Anna Steinherz, Künstlerin, Leipzig
JP Raether, artist, Berlin
Maria-Leena Räihälä, Bildende Künstlerin, Berlin
Francesca Raimondi, Juniorprofessorin Philosophie, Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, Berlin, Amsterdam
Benjamin Ramírez Pérez, Artist, Cologne
Alfredo Ramos Fernandez, artist, Berlin
Peter Rasmussen, arthistory student, Aarhus Denmark
Christian Rattemeyer, curator, writer, translator, Bovina Center, NY
Judith Raum, Künstlerin, Berlin
Ilka Raupach, Künstlerin, Caputh
Lisa Rave, Künstlerin
Lisa Rave, Künstlerin, Berlin
Anahita Razmi, Künstlerin, Berlin/London
Patricia Reed, artist/theorist, Berlin
Thilo Reich, Architekt, Berlin
Petra Reichensperger, Autorin / Kuratorin, Berlin
Kolja Reichert, Art critic, Bonn/Berlin
Raphael Reichert, Künstler, Basel
Ariel Reichman, Künstler, Berlin
Carmen Reichmuth, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
Matthias Reinmuth, Künstler, Berlin
Josefine Reisch, Künstlerin, Berlin
Lena Reisner, Kuratorin, Berlin
Bernd Reiß, Kurator, Berlin
Pia-Marie Remmers, art historian, Berlin
Nadin Reschke, Künstlerin, Berlin
Alicia Reuter, Editor / Director Berlin Art Prize e.V., Berlin
Mandla Reuter, Berlin
kate-hers RHEE, Künstlerin, Berlin
Bernd Ribbeck, Künstler, Berlin
Dorothee Richter, Professorin ZHdK + Uni. of Reading, (Berlin/ Zürich/ Reading)
Julia Charlotte Richter, Künstlerin, Berlin
David Riff, curator, artist, writer, Berlin
Nuno de Brito Rocha, Interim Director, Kunstverein Braunschweig
Matheus Rocha Pitta, Künstler, Berlin
Stefan Römer, artist, Berlin
Antonia Rohwetter, Kulturwissenschaftlerin und Dramaturgin
Stefan Roigk, Künstler, Berlin
Malte Roloff, Berliner Künstlerprogramm des DAAD, Berlin
Ulla Rossek, Künstlerin, Berlin
Claudia Rößger, Künstlerin, Leipzig
Burkhard Rosskothen, kunstistrichtig.de
Tillmann Roth, Drehbuchautor, Berlin
Constanze Ruhm, Künstlerin, Professorin für Kunst und Medien, Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien
Harry Sachs, Künstler, Berlin
Susanne Sachsse, Schauspielerin, Berlin
Anike Joyce Sadiq, Künstlerin, Berlin
Sylvia Sadzinski, Kuratorin, Berlin
Neda Saeedi, Artist, Berlin
Vanessa Safavi, artist, Berlin
Siegrun Salmanian, Kuratorin & Doktorandin, London
Jorge Sanguino, Kunsthistoriker, Galerist, Düsseldorf
Fette Sans, Künstlerin, Berlin
Pablo Santacana López, artist and researcher, Berlin
Tomás Saraceno, Künstler, Berlin
Vanina Saracino, curator and writer, Berlin / Mantua
Juliane Saupe, PhD fellow, University lecturer, Wien / Gießen
Friederike Schäfer, Kunstwissenschaftlerin, Berlin
Meike Schalk, Architektin, Stockholm
Schama, Künstlerin Berlin
Sylvia Schedelbauer, Filmemacherin, Berlin
tOmi Scheiderbauer, Künstler, Lecce
Julia Schell, Kulturredakteurin, Berlin
Bernd Scherer, Intendant, Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW), Berlin
Maik Schierloh, Künstler, Berlin
Jochen Schlick, Künstlerduo kunstopfer, Künstler, Berlin
Michael Schlickwei, Berlin
Birgit Schlieps, Künstlerin, Berlin
Julia Schmelzer, artist/curator, Dresden
Roland Schmenner, Musikwissenschaftler, Berlin
Mika Schmid, Berlin
Hannes Schmidt, Künstler/Galerist, Berlin
Erik Schmidt, Künstler, Berlin
Marco Schmitt, Künstler, Berlin
Konstanze Schmitt, Künstlerin und Regisseurin, Berlin
Gerald Schmitt, Maler & Grafiker, Berlin
Rosa Schmitt-Neubauer, Kulturmanagement, Siegen
Thorsten Schneider, Lüneburg
Klaus Schneller, artist
Ursula Schöndeling, Kuratorin, Heidelberg
Sonya Schönberger, Künstlerin, Berlin
Fabian Schöneich, Direktor CCA Berlin – Center for Contemporary Arts, Berlin
Silke Schönfeld, Künstlerin, Amsterdam
Andrea-Katharina Schraepler, Kunsthistorikerin,Berlin
Petra Schramm, Künstlerin, Berlin
Christoph Schreier, Kunsthistoriker, Bonn
Katja Schroeder, director Kunsthaus Hamburg
Nada Schroer, Kuratorin, Köln
Linda Schröer, Kuratorin, Dortmund
Anne Schülke, Medienkünstlerin, Düsseldorf
Rainald Schumacher, curator, Berlin
Dagmar Schürrer, Künstlerin, Berlin
Cathleen Schuster, Künstlerin, Berlin
Michaela Schwentner, Künstlerin, Wien
Aline Schwibbe, artist, Berlin
Kai Eric Schwichtenberg, Münster
Lucia Sciandro, Künstlerin, Kunstvermittlerin, Berlin
Ivan Seal, Künstler, Berlin
Ulrika Segerberg
Horst Segermann, Maler
Philip Seibel, Künstler, Berlin
Daniel Seiple, Künstler, Berlin
Ashkan Sepahvand, Artist, Berlin
Rebekka Seubert, künstlerische Leiterin, Dortmunder Kunstverein
Lerato Shadi, artist, Berlin
Setareh Shahbazi, artist, Berlin
Jeremy Shaw, Artist, Berlin
Simon Sheikh, Curator, Berlin/London
Ahlam Shibli
Nina Sidow
Marc Siegel, Film Scholar, Mainz/Berlin
Prof. Dr. Judith Siegmund, Philosophische Ästhetik, Zürich
Bruno Siegrist, Künstler, Berlin
Christian Siekmeier, Galerist, Vienna
Nicolas Siepen, Künstler, Berlin
Sarah Sigmund, Kunsthistorikerin & Kuratorin, Berlin / München
SIM, Artist, Berlin
Kati Simon, Kuratorin und Projektmanagerin, Berlin
Moritz Simon, Kunst- & Medienwissenschaftler, Köln/Braunschweig
Bastian Sistig, Künstler, Berlin
Sumugan Sivanesan, Künstler, Berlin
Rafal Skoczek, artist, Berlin
Aleks Slota, Künstler, Berlin
Trevor Smith, curator, Salem, MA
Lisette Smits, curator and educator, Sofia/ Amsterdam
Adnan Softić, Künstler, Berlin
Dan Solbach, Grafiker, Berlin
Elisabeth Sonneck, Künstlerin, Berlin
Marina Sorbello, Kuratorin, Berln
Claudia Sorhage, Direktorin Galerie Nordenhake Berlin
Carola Spadoni, Künstlerin, Berlin
Regine Spangenthal, Künstlerin, Berlin
Mitch Speed, writer and artist, Berlin
Andrea Splisgar / Künstlerin / Berlin
Anna-Sophie Springer, Berlin
Andrea Stahl, Künstlerin, Berlin
Jonny Star, Künstlerin, Berlin
Suzie Shride, Gallery, Vienna, Berlin
Peter Steckroth, Artist, Hamburg
Daniel Steegmann Mangrané, Artist, Rio de Janeiro
Stefan Alber, Künstler, Berlin / Stefan Alber, artist, Berlin
Ernst Markus Stein, Künstler, berlin
Erik Stein, Informationsarchitekt, Berlin
Stephanie Stein, Künstlerin, Berlin
Andrzej Steinbach, Berlin
Despina Stokou, artist, editor Berlin Independents Guide
Marianne Stoll, Künstlerin, Berlin
Paolo Stolpmann, Leiter Museumsdienst Berlin, Berlin
Katja Stoye-Cetin, Berlin, Künstlerin
Peter Strickmann, artist, Berlin
Olaf Stüber, Kurator, Videoart at Midnight
Andreas Stucken, Zweigstelle Berlin
Anna Stüler, editor, translator & trojan blooms, Brussels
SU Yu Hsin, Künstlerin, Berlin
Fredrik Svensk, Editor, Writer, Teacher, Gothenburg
Léna Szirmay-Kalos, Kuratorin, Berlin
Adam Szymczyk, curator and writer, Zurich
Pilvi Takala, artist, Berlin
Waltraut Tänzler, Künstlerin, Berlin
Jan Tappe, Kurator, Berlin
Sandra Teitge, Kuratorin & Head of Public Program CCA Berlin
caner teker, artist, Berlin
Elif Temizkan, Producer, Paris
Andreas Templin, artist, Berlin
Mathilde ter Heijne, Künstlerin, Professorin, Berlin
Benedikt Terwiel, Künstler, Berlin
Dirk Teschner, Kurator, Berlin
Gabriela Těthalová, artist, Berlin
federica teti, künstlerin, Berlin
Tobias Textor, Musiker, Berlin
Ivonne Thein, Künstlerin, Berlin
Gabriel Thiam, student, Berlin
Frank Thiel, artist, Berlin
Mirjam Thomann, Künstlerin, Berlin
Kathrin Tillmanns, Kulturwissenschaftlerin und Künstlerin, Mönchengladbach
Wolfgang Tillmans, artist, Berlin
Tyra Tingleff, artist, Berlin
Daniele Tognozzi, Künstler, Berlin
Goran Tomcic, Künstler, Berlin
Adriana Tranca, Kuratorin, Berlin
Juliane Tübke, Künstlerin, Berlin
Carola Uehlken, Kuratorin, Berlin
Wolfgang Ullrich, Kunstwissenschaftler, Leipzig
Timm Ulrichs, Künstler, Hannover/Berlin
Sandra Umathum, Professor for Performance, Berlin
Alvaro Urbano, artist, teacher, Berlin
Martina Vacheva, Artist, Plovdiv
Ada Van Hoorebeke, artist, Berlin
Wendelien van Oldenborgh, Künstlerin, Berlin
Sadaf Vasaei, educator, curator, cultural worker, Berlin
Anabela Veloso, artist, Copenhagen
Jan Verwoert, art critic and professor, Berlin
Gitte Villesen, Künstlerin, Berlin und Kopenhagen
Clemens Villinger, Historiker, Berlin
Elena Vogman, Literatur- und Medienwissenschaftlerin, Berlin
Jeanne Charlotte Vogt, Künstlerische Leitung NODE Forum for Digital Arts, Frankfurt / Hamburg
Urs Vogt, Architekt, Berlin
Prof. Dr. Hubertus v. Amelunxen, Autor, Kurator, Berlin
Daniela von Damaros, freie Kuratorin, Berlin
Aribert von Ostrowski, Künstler, Berlin
Gabriel Vormstein, Künstler, Berlin
Tim Voss, curator/artist, Berlin
Carola Wagenplast, artist, Hamburg
Beny Wagner, Filmemacher, Autor, Berlin/London
Johannes Wald, Künstler, Berlin
Mark Walker, artist, Berlin
Klara Wallner, Kuratorin / Autorin, Berlin
Joanna Warsza, curator, Berlin
Evgenija Wassilew, Künstlerin, Berlin
Wayra Schübel - Art Communication, Berlin
Suse Weber, artist, Berlin
Ina Weber, Künstlerin und Professorin für Bildhauerei, Berlin
Frederiek Weda, Galerieleiterin GALERIE BERNAU, Bernau bei Berlin
Arnold von Wedemeyer, Künstler, Berlin
Christopher Weickenmeier, Leiter Klosterruine, Berlin
Thomas Weidenhaupt, Fotograf, Aachen
Sabine Weier, Autorin und Redakteurin, Berlin
Gisela Weimann, bildende Künstlerin, Berlin
Bettina Weiß, Künstlerin, Berlin
Antje Weitzel, Kuratorin und Projektmanagerin, Berlin
Mikka Wellner, Künstler, Berlin
Katharina Wendler, Kuratorin, Berlin
Brunner Werner, Künstler, Berlin
Jan Wessela, Sozialarbeiter, Bautzen
Anke Westermann, Künstlerin, Berlin
Frank Westermeyer, Künstler, Berlin
Joshua Wicke, Dramaturg, Zürich/Berlin
Philip Wiegard, Künstler, Berlin
Annika Wienert, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin/Bonn
Maren Wienigk, Kunsthistorikerin, Berlin
Anna Wiget, artist, Berlin
Clemens Wilhelm, Künstler, Berlin
Markus Willeke, Künstler, Berlin
Ila Wingen, Künstlerin, Berlin
Andrea Winkler, artist, Berlin
Marlies Wirth, Curator, Vienna
Louise Witthöft, Exhibition Designer, Berlin
Till Wittwer, Künstler, Berlin/Hannover
Anne Wodtcke, Künstlerin, Berlin
Rein Wolfs, Direktor Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam
Nicole Wozniak, Kunsthistorikerin und Vermittlerin, Berlin
Ina Wudtke, artist, Berlin
Amelie von Wulffen
Florian Wüst, film curator, Berlin
Yascha, Künstler und Kulturveranstalter, Berlin
Benjamin Yavuzsoy, Künstler, Berlin
Sandy Di Yu, artist and writer, London
Maja Zagorska , video artist, Berlin
Franziska Zahl, Kulturproduzentin, Berlin
Shahin Zarinbal, Kurator, Berlin
Simone Zaugg, Künstlerin, Berlin
Anna Zett, Künstlerin, Berlin
Stefan Zeyen, Künstler, Berlin
Florian Zeyfang, Künstler, Berlin
Markus Zimmermann, Künstler, Berlin
Franciska Zólyom, Kuratorin, Direktorin Galerie für Zeitgenössische Kunst Leipzig
Devin Zuber, Professor, Humboldt University zu Berlin / GTU, Berkeley
Christof Zwiener, bildender Künstler, Berlin


See . All sources in German unless otherwise noted. For the original German version of this letter, see .


See .


See .


See .


See .


On the Smerling system and funding from the City of Berlin, see in particular the articles by Niklas Maak in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of January 23 and February 4, 2022: and .


See .


See .


See .


See and .


See (in English).


See .


See .


See .

Contemporary Art
Corruption, Money & Finance, Germany

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