From birth to puberty, hamsters double in size each week. If this rate of growth continued, by its first birthday, a hamster would weigh nine billion tons, capable of consuming the entire global corn crop within less than a day. Even before humankind first saw a photograph of the whole Earth and the Club of Rome met to write about its limits, we have long known that infinite growth is impossible. Yet the critique of growth has fueled powerful reactions that have taken place both in and to our built environments, from deregulation and degradation to speculation, derivation, and exclusion. Architects and urban practitioners, toiling daily at the coalface of economic expansion, are complicit in the perpetuation of growth. They are also in a unique position to contribute towards a move away from it.

Nick Axel
Matthew Dalziel
Phineas Harper
Nikolaus Hirsch
Cecilie Sachs Olsen
Maria Smith

Overgrowth is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and the Oslo Architecture Triennale within the context of its 2019 edition. The project is supported by the Nordic Culture Fond and the Nordic Culture Point.

Tristan Boniver
Not Entropy
Mill & Jones
Exile's Letter
Kjetil Trædal Thorsen
Good Against Good
Daniel A. Barber
Emergency Exit
Sandi Hilal
The Right to Host
Amica Dall
Very Much Reality
Karl Otto Ellefsen and Tarald Lundevall
Rural Dilemmas
Stefan Kaegi / Rimini Protokoll
Society under Construction
Matthias Schuler and Anja Thierfelder
Five Elements
Steve Webb
The Aqueduct
Hélène Frichot and Helen Runting
The Queue
Ateya Khorakiwala
Architecture's Scaffolds
Ingerid Helsing Almaas
No app for that
Helena Mattsson and Catharina Gabrielsson
Pockets and Folds
Angelos Varvarousis and Penny Koutrolikou
Degrowth and the City
Nick Axel, Matthew Dalziel, Phineas Harper, Nikolaus Hirsch, Cecilie Sachs Olsen, and Maria Smith
Ingerid Helsing Almaas

Ingerid Helsing Almaas is an architect. She is a writer and critic for publications at home and abroad, and was editor-in-chief of Arkitektur N, the Norwegian Review of Architecture, from 2004–2017. She is currently a Senior Advisor at Design and Architecture Norway, DOGA.

Daniel A. Barber

Daniel A. Barber is Associate Professor and Chair of the PhD Program in Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania. His book Modern Architecture and Climate: Design before Air-Conditioning will be published by Princeton University Press in 2020.

Tristan Boniver

Tristan Boniver is a member of the Brussels-based collective Rotor.

Peter Buchanan

Peter Buchanan is a writer, critic, consultant, and curator. He worked as an architect and urban designer/planner in various parts of Africa, Europe, and the Middle East before joining the Architect’s Journal and The Architectural Review in 1979, where he most recently wrote The Big Rethink series.

Amica Dall

Amica Dall is a founding member of Assemble, and also teaches undergraduate design studios at the Architectural Association and the Bartlett. 

Isabelle Doucet

Isabelle Doucet is professor of theory and history of architecture at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. Her research focuses on the relationship between politics, aesthetics, and social responsibility in architectural and urban projects after 1968.

Ana María Durán Calisto

Ana Maria Durán Calisto is an Ecuadorean architect, urbanist, researcher and educator. She co-founded the Quito-based design firm Estudio A0 in 2002, and is currently pursuing a PhD in Urban Planning at UCLA on the history of urbanization in the Amazon River basin.

Karl Otto Ellefsen

Karl Otto Ellefsen is professor in urbanism and architecture at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design (AHO) and professor at Central Academy of Fine Art (CAFA) Visual Arts Innovation Center, Beijing.

Hélène Frichot

Hélène Frichot is Professor of Architecture and Director of Critical Studies in Architecture, School of Architecture KTH Stockholm, Sweden.

Catharina Gabrielsson

Catharina Gabrielsson is docent in architecture and associate professor in urban theory at the School of Architecture KTH. Her research centers on the relationship between architecture and the city, bridging across aesthetics, politics and economics in combining fieldwork operations with archive and literature studies.

Sandi Hilal

Sandi Hilal is an architect and researcher. She was the head of the Infrastructure and Camp Improvement Program in the West Bank at UNRWA from 2008–2014, and co-founded Campus in Camps and DAAR (Decolonizing Architecture Art Residency).

Mark Jarzombek

Mark Jarzombek is Professor of the History and Theory of Architecture at MIT. He works on a wide range of topics, historical, theoretical, and philosophical. His most recent book is Digital Stockholm Syndrome in the Post-Ontological Age (University of Minnesota Press, 2016).

Stefan Kaegi / Rimini Protokoll

Stefan Kaegi is one of the founding members of Rimini Protokoll. Along with Helgard Haug and Daniel Wetzel, the Berlin-based theater label produces documentary theater plays, interactive formats, and works in the urban environment that use research, public auditions, and conceptual processes to give voice to "experts" who are not trained actors but have something to tell. 

Ateya Khorakiwala

Ateya Khorakiwala is assistant professor at the University of British Columbia in the Department of Art History, Visual Art, and Theory. She researches the aesthetic and material history of architecture and infrastructure, focusing on postcolonial India's built environment as a site of governmental knowledge inflected by the politics of design. 

Penny Koutrolikou

Penny Koutrolikou is an Assistant Professor in the School of Architecture at the National Technical University of Athens.

Tarald Lundevall

Tarald Lundevall is partner in Snøhetta and professor emeritus at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design (AHO)

Helena Mattsson

Helena Mattsson is an architect and a professor in history and theory at KTH School of Architecture. Her research deals with twentieth century theory on welfare state architecture and contemporary architectural history with a special focus on the interdependency between politics, economy, and spatial organizations.​

Mill & Jones

Mill & Jones is a design office led by Luke Jones & Anna Mill. They are authors of Square Eyes, a graphic novel about cities, technology, and the future, published by Jonathan Cape in 2018.

Michael Pawlyn

Michael Pawlyn is a Director of Exploration Architecture, speaker, and author of Biomimicry in Architecture (RIBA Publishing, 2011). He has been a driving force behind "Architects Declare" and is currently writing a book with Sarah Ichioka about paradigm shifts for a planetary emergency.

Edgar Pieterse

Edgar Pieterse is founding director of the African Centre for Cities and holds the South African Research Chair in Urban Policy, both at the University of Cape Town. He is consulting editor for Cityscapes, an international biannual magazine on urbanism in the global South.

Anna Puigjaner

Anna Puigjaner is an architect, researcher, and cofounder of MAIO, an architectural office based in Barcelona. Her research is focused on Kitchenless Cities, housing with collective kitchens, where the elimination of the kitchen from the house allows to redefine domestic labor. She currently teaches at GSAPP—Columbia University.

Helen Runting

Helen Runting is an architectural theorist and planner, and a founding partner in the Stockholm-based architecture practice Secretary. Her work, which spans research and practice, is motivated by an interest in architecture’s capacity to shape and facilitate life at the scale of the population.

Matthias Schuler

Matthias Schuler is the founder and one of the managing directors of Transsolar in Stuttgart. Transsolar's focus is on new energy saving and comfort optimizing strategies by an integral approach for buildings and urban design.

Anja Thierfelder

Anja Thierfelder is an architect, editor, and photographer. She works closely with Transsolar, contributing in the field of bionics and providing connections between the arts and physics.

Kjetil Trædal Thorsen

Kjetil Trædal Thorsen is a Norwegian architect. In 1987, he co-founded the architecture firm Snøhetta.

Angelos Varvarousis

Angelos Varvarousis is an urban planner and researcher based in Athens and Barcelona whose work revolves around the topics of degrowth, the commons, solidarity economies, self-organization, migration and alternative lifestyles. He is also an activist, musician, dancer, and carpenter.   

Steve Webb

Steve Webb is a structural engineer who formed Webb Yates Engineers in 2005.


n´UNDO is a non-profit organization based in Madrid that proposes a way to (un)do Architecture. Its work is based on criticism, debate, and reflection, from where it develops its theoretical base, giving rise to diverse transdisciplinary practices.

Overgrowth 21–24 11–20 1–10 Contributors
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