From birth to puberty, hamsters double in size each week. If this rate of growth continued, by its first birthday, a hamster would weigh nine billion tons, capable of consuming the entire global corn crop within less than a day. Even before humankind first saw a photograph of the whole Earth and the Club of Rome met to write about its limits, we have long known that infinite growth is impossible. Yet the critique of growth has fueled powerful reactions that have taken place both in and to our built environments, from deregulation and degradation to speculation, derivation, and exclusion. Architects and urban practitioners, toiling daily at the coalface of economic expansion, are complicit in the perpetuation of growth. They are also in a unique position to contribute towards a move away from it.

Nick Axel
Matthew Dalziel
Phineas Harper
Nikolaus Hirsch
Cecilie Sachs Olsen
Maria Smith

Overgrowth is a collaboration between e-flux Architecture and the Oslo Architecture Triennale within the context of its 2019 edition.

Ateya Khorakiwala
Architecture's Scaffolds
Ingerid Helsing Almaas
No app for that
Helena Mattsson and Catharina Gabrielsson
Pockets and Folds
Angelos Varvarousis and Penny Koutrolikou
Degrowth and the City
Nick Axel, Matthew Dalziel, Phineas Harper, Nikolaus Hirsch, Cecilie Sachs Olsen, and Maria Smith
Ingerid Helsing Almaas

Ingerid Helsing Almaas is an architect. She is a writer and critic for publications at home and abroad, and was editor-in-chief of Arkitektur N, the Norwegian Review of Architecture, from 2004–2017. She is currently a Senior Advisor at Design and Architecture Norway, DOGA.

Peter Buchanan

Peter Buchanan is a writer, critic, consultant, and curator. He worked as an architect and urban designer/planner in various parts of Africa, Europe, and the Middle East before joining the Architect’s Journal and The Architectural Review in 1979, where he most recently wrote The Big Rethink series.

Ana María Durán Calisto

Ana Maria Durán Calisto is an Ecuadorean architect, urbanist, researcher and educator. She co-founded the Quito-based design firm Estudio A0 in 2002, and is currently pursuing a PhD in Urban Planning at UCLA on the history of urbanization in the Amazon River basin.

Aileen A. Espíritu

Aileen A. Espíritu is a Researcher at the Barents Institute at the UiT The Arctic University of Norway. Her current research focuses on sustainable development in the Arctic regions, notably its urban areas; region-building in the Arctic and the impact of industrialization and post-industrialization on mono-industry towns in the High North.

Catharina Gabrielsson

Catharina Gabrielsson is docent in architecture and associate professor in urban theory at the School of Architecture KTH. Her research centers on the relationship between architecture and the city, bridging across aesthetics, politics and economics in combining fieldwork operations with archive and literature studies.

Indy Johar

Indy Johar is a founding Director of 00 and leads the Dark Matter Laboratories team. An architect by training, Indy is a Senior Innovation Associate with the Young Foundation and Visiting Professor at the University of Sheffield. He has co-founded multiple social ventures such as Impact Hub Birmingham and the Wikihouse Foundation. 

Ateya Khorakiwala

Ateya Khorakiwala is assistant professor at the University of British Columbia in the Department of Art History, Visual Art, and Theory. She researches the aesthetic and material history of architecture and infrastructure, focusing on postcolonial India's built environment as a site of governmental knowledge inflected by the politics of design. 

Penny Koutrolikou

Penny Koutrolikou is an Assistant Professor in the School of Architecture at the National Technical University of Athens.

Helena Mattsson

Helena Mattsson is an architect and a professor in history and theory at KTH School of Architecture. Her research deals with twentieth century theory on welfare state architecture and contemporary architectural history with a special focus on the interdependency between politics, economy, and spatial organizations.​

Joar Nango

Joar Nango is a Sámi architect who lives and work in Romssa. He works with site-specific installations and self-made publications that explore the boundary between architecture, design, and visual art as an investigation of Indigenous space. He is a founding member of the architecture collective FFB, and is is currently involved in setting up a network of Sami architects across Sápmi.

Edgar Pieterse

Edgar Pieterse is founding director of the African Centre for Cities and holds the South African Research Chair in Urban Policy, both at the University of Cape Town. He is consulting editor for Cityscapes, an international biannual magazine on urbanism in the global South.

David Pinder

David Pinder is Professor in Space, Place, Mobility and Urban Studies at Roskilde University. His research explores how urban spaces are socially produced, imagined, performed, and contested, and with how urban society and life can be reimagined and reconstituted within and against processes of capitalist urbanization.

Anna Puigjaner

Anna Puigjaner is an architect, researcher, and cofounder of MAIO, an architectural office based in Barcelona. Her research is focused on Kitchenless Cities, housing with collective kitchens, where the elimination of the kitchen from the house allows to redefine domestic labor. She currently teaches at GSAPP—Columbia University.

Matthias Schuler

Matthias Schuler is the founder and one of the managing directors of Transsolar in Stuttgart. Transsolar's focus is on new energy saving and comfort optimizing strategies by an integral approach for buildings and urban design.

Territorial Agency

Territorial Agency is an independent organization that combines architecture, analysis, advocacy, and action for the integrated spatial transformation of contemporary territories. Founded by John Palmesino and Ann-Sofi Rönnskog, it is engaged in strengthening the capacity of local and international communities in the management of sustainable territorial transformation.

Anja Thierfelder

Anja Thierfelder is an architect, editor, and photographer. She works closely with Transsolar, contributing in the field of bionics and providing connections between the arts and physics.

Angelos Varvarousis

Angelos Varvarousis is an urban planner and researcher based in Athens and Barcelona whose work revolves around the topics of degrowth, the commons, solidarity economies, self-organization, migration and alternative lifestyles. He is also an activist, musician, dancer, and carpenter.   

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